Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationships [(Q)SARs] are methods for estimating properties of a chemical from its molecular structure and have the potential to provide information on hazards of chemicals, while reducing time needed to generate data, monetary cost and animal testing currently needed.
The OECD Cooperative Chemicals Assessment Programme elaborates and disseminates OECD-wide agreed conclusions on hazards of chemicals, develops and applies integrated approaches to testing and assessment, avoids duplication of assessments, and provides a forum to exchange experience of member countries.
The OECD established a Clearinghouse to bring together government officials and stakeholders who review and assess notifications from companies who wish to market new chemicals and explores ways to share such work and harmonize activities to reduce work for governments and costs for industry.
OECD assists countries in developing and harmonising methods for assessing risk to human health and the environment, including methodologies for hazard and exposure assessment
OECD works with member countries and other stakeholders to cooperatively assess the hazards of industrial chemicals to generate OECD-agreed assessments that are available to the public and that can be used for priority setting, risk assessment and other activities within national or regional programmes.
Risks of chemicals on human health and the environment are assessed by combining the chemical-specific hazard data and the estimation of the extent to which man and other organisms are exposed to chemicals. OECD has been working mainly on environmental exposure assessment for more than 10 years.
This environmental toolkit gives access to practical tools on environmental risk assessment and mgt of chemicals, by linking to relevant OECD products that can be used in each step of the work flow.