Regional development

Regional Business Demography


Understanding the processes and dynamics underlying the birth, survival and death of businesses can provide an important perspective on the mechanisms generating new jobs and ensuring better economic development in all types of regions.

About the project

Developing business demography indicators at sub-national level is a crucial tool to monitor both entrepreneurship and job opportunities and to understand how regions and cities can contribute to national job creation and prosperity.

The OECD regional business demography project aims to: 


The Geography of Firm Dynamics

The OECD report on Geography of Firm Dynamics (2017) provides methods and data to measure and analyse business demography across OECD regions.

Main Findings

  • In order to consistently measure business demography across countries, indicators should be based on employer firms. On average 40% of all firms are employer firms, but that share differs substantially across countries, reflecting different tax codes and legal systems.
  • Business dynamics differ a lot geographically. The variation in firm births, deaths and survival rates is large not only across but also within countries.

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Read the Policy Highlights


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Database on business demography

The study of business dynamics and entrepreneurship at the regional level was until now restricted by the lack of internationally comparable indicators. The regional business demography project fills this void. As part of the project, a novel database on business demography indicators across regions in OECD countries has been developed that allows a meaningful international comparison. The new database is accessible for the public and can be used as a tool by policymakers to identify existing challenges as well as to design effective policies to stimulate regional business dynamics.

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Main OECD contacts

Paolo Veneri 


Lukas Kleine-Rueschkamp 



Committee of experts

Alessandro Alasia (Statistics Canada), Julio Rosa (Statistics Canada), Giovanni Barbieri (Istat), Lewis Dijkstra (European Commission), Marcus Jernström (Swedish Agency for growth policy analysis), Elisaveta Ushilova (Eurostat), Frants Gundersen (Institute for Transport Economics, Norway), Mariarosa Lunati (OECD Statistics Directorate).