Key Links


Recent Initiatives

In February 2019, The Danish Veterinary and Food Administration said they were to "examine the possibilities" of a national ban on the use of all organic fluorine compounds in paper and cardboard food packaging (see press release). The national ban will apply until EU regulation of the substances in FCMs comes into force.

In 2018, a report was published by the Danish Environmental Protection Agency on Risk assessment of fluorinated substances in cosmetic products.

Overview of risk reduction approaches

Denmark addresses certain PFASs through EU regulations. In addition, the Danish Environmental Protection Agency included PFOA and PFOS compounds in The List of Undesirable Substances (last update in 2009) to encourage industry phase out.

The Danish Environmental Protection Agency also has requested an evaluation of health hazards by exposure to the perfluoroalkylated substances, PFOA, PFOS and PFOSA. Additional PFAS substances have furthermore been selected for a preliminary screening in relation to toxicity in order to assess the possibilities for derivation of specific quality criteria for the substances in the Perfluoroalkylated substances: PFOA, PFOS and PFOSA - Evaluation of health hazards and proposal of a health based quality criterion for drinking water, soil and ground water report (2015).

A literature review of information onhuman health effects and environmental fate and effect aspects of short-chain PFAS was published in 2015.

Also in 2015, a report was published on alternatives to PFASs in textiles


Table with key elements of risk reduction approaches


Action Path taken BEPs Implemented Category of PFASss addressed Articles covered? Life cycle stage(s) addressed Method of approach Public- private partnership encouraged? Level of constraint

Included in list of undesirable substances

Encourage industry phase out Minimisation of PFASs used PFOA and PFOS compounds No Chemical manufacture Voluntary No None

Monitoring and screening of PFASs in the environment

Link to survey

Link to criteria for 12 PFASs in soil, ground and drinking water

PFOS and its salts are subject to the export restriction under the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Law

Continuous monitoring     PFBS, PFHxS, PFOS, PFOSA, 6:2 FTS, PFBA, PFPeA, PFHxA, PFHpA, PFOA, PFNA, PFDA   Discharges from all life cycles are addressed  Monitoring  No  Criteria set with a limit of 0,1 μg/l for drinking and ground water. 0,4 mg/kg TS in soil


Additional ressources

Mist suppression with non-PFOS (perfluorooctane sulfonate) surfactants for hard chrome plating

Potentially environmentally sounder alternatives to PFOS compounds and PFOA



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