PISA 2022 Results (Volume I)

The State of Learning and Equity in Education

The OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) examines what students know in mathematics, reading and science, and what they can do with what they know. It provides the most comprehensive and rigorous international assessment of student learning outcomes to date. Results from PISA indicate the quality and equity of learning outcomes attained around the world, and allow educators and policy makers to learn from the policies and practices applied in other countries. This is one of five volumes that present the results of the eighth round of assessment, PISA 2022. Volume I, The State of Learning and Equity in Education, describes students’ performance in mathematics, reading and science; examines gender differences in performance; and investigates how performance relates to students’ socio-economic status and immigrant background. It also describes how the quality and equity of learning outcomes have evolved since previous PISA assessments.

Published on December 05, 2023Also available in: German

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Reader’s Guide
Executive Summary
PISA 2022 key results (infographic)
What is PISA?
The state of learning and equity in education in 2022
How did countries perform in PISA?
What can students do in mathematics, reading and science?
Equity in education in PISA 2022
Changes in performance and equity in education between 2018 and 2022
Long-term trends in performance and equity in education
Immigrant background and student performance
From data to insights
Annexes15 chapters available
The construction of reporting scales and of indices from the student context questionnaire
The PISA target population, the PISA samples, and the definition of schools
Technical notes on analyses in this volume
Quality assurance
How comparable are the PISA 2022 computer- and paper-based tests?
Are PISA mathematics scores comparable across countries and languages?
Comparing mathematics, reading and science performance across PISA assessments
How much effort do students put into the PISA test?
Adaptive testing in PISA 2022
Results for countries and economies
Results for regions within countries
PISA 2022 system-level indicators
Released items from the PISA 2022 computer-based mathematics assessment
Overview of Performance Trends
The development and implementation of PISA: A collaborative effort
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