Environmental country reviews


  • Brazil 2015

    The OECD’s first-ever Environmental Performance Review of Brazil draws attention to the strong progress made in reducing deforestation and emissions of greenhouse gases over the past 15 years. However, a decade of rapid urbanisation and economic growth have increased pressure on the environment.

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  • The Netherlands 2015

    An early leader in environmental policy, the Netherlands has decoupled greenhouse gas emissions from economic growth and virtually eliminated landfilling over the past decade. Yet a very fossil fuel-intensive energy mix and looming pressures from traffic congestion and intensive farming leave plenty of challenges to be faced.

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  • Forthcoming reviews

    The Environmental Performance Review team is currently working on five Environmental Performance Reviews (EPRs), to be published in 2016 and 2017. Six more are being planned for 2017 and 2018.

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The OECD Environmental Performance Review (EPR) programme has been helping member countries to improve their environmental management for 20 years.



Natural resources are essential to Brazil's development: it is among the major global agricultural, minerals and oil producers, and hydropower generates most of its electricity. Protected areas extend over a large part of the country and deforestation in the Amazon has dropped remarkably, which in turn has helped curb greenhouse gas emissions. 

These Highlights, available in English and in Portuguese, contain major facts and graphs from the 2015 review of Brazil. 


climate change

Since 2010, ten EPRs focused on climate change mitigation and adaptation policies, sometimes associated to related subjects such as energy or air pollution. 

Read the Environmental Performance Reviews' in-depth chapter on climate change for Sweden, Austria, Italy, Mexico, Slovenia, Germany, Slovak Republic, Norway, Israel and Japan.