Global FDI flows continue to outstrip pre-pandemic levels (USD bn)
1. By definition, inward and outward FDI worldwide should be equal, but in practice, there are statistical discrepancies between inward and outward FDI. Unless otherwise specified, references to ‘global FDI flows’ refer to the average of these two figures.
FDI in Figures October 2022: Global FDI flows up overall by 20% in the first half of 2022, but this masks a 22% drop in the second quarter.
28/10/2022 - Global FDI flows rebounded to USD 972 billion in the first half of 2022. However, much of the increase came in the first quarter, whereas global FDI flows dropped by 22% in Q2 2022, compared to the previous quarter. This drop is not surprising given increasing inflation and interest rates, rising energy prices and Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine. The United States was the leading FDI recipient worldwide, followed by China and Brazil.
OECD statistics on foreign direct investment are constructed using official country FDI statistics. Any projections used are noted in the report.
Trends, investor types and drivers of renewables energy FDI, OECD Working Papers on International Investment, Polina Knutsson and Perla Ibarlucea Flores, 2022
Divestments by MNEs: What do we know about why they happen?, Maria Borga and Monika Sztajerowska, 2018
Trade, FDI and global value chains
International trade and FDI are the main defining features and key drivers of global value chains. For the first time ever, these statistical notes for OECD countries provide evidence on the role played by investment in global value chains.
FDI regulatory restrictiveness index
The FDI Regulatory Restrictiveness Index (FDI Index) measures statutory restrictions on foreign direct investment in 58 countries, including all OECD and G20 countries, and covers 22 sectors.
FDI statistics database
Access the data on OECD.Stat (categorised under "Globalisation")
Access metadata underlying FDI statistics by partner country and by industry for OECD countries
The new FDI statistics database covering FDI statistics from 2014 onwards went online in March 2015.Full list of frequently requested data found on the FDI statistics database
Content and structure of the FDI statistics database according to BMD4
OECD benchmark definition (BMD4)
The FDI statistics database uses data compiled with "BMD4"- The 4th edition of the OECD Benchmark definition of FDI (BMD4) provides operational guidelines on how foreign direct investment activity should be measured and sets the world standard for collecting direct investment statistics.
How BMD4 impacts our compilation of FDI statistics
Brochure on the major changes introduced by BMD4
Note on the FDI statistics database according to BMD4
Explanatory notes on OECD FDI statistics
Data collection calendar
Aggregate FDI statistics are updated quarterly, four months after the end of the reference quarter and revisions to earlier periods.
Detailed FDI statistics by partner country and by industry are updated annually, in the second half of December of the year after the reference year and incorporate revisions to earlier periods.
Documents and links
Trends, investor types and drivers of renewables energy FDI, OECD Working Papers on International Investment, 2022
Divestments by MNEs: What do we know about why they happen?, 2021
Drivers of divestment decisions in multinational enterprises, 2020
The determinants of Foreign Direct Investment - Do statutory restrictions matter?, 2019
The digital economy, multinational enterprises and international investment policy, 2018
Towards an international framework for investment facilitation, 2018
Examen des statistiques d'investissements directs internationaux au Maroc, 2018
Please find here (link to excel tables) the latest official FDI statistics for Q1 2022 as published by official national sources by the end of June 2022. Data for Q2 2022 will be published separately by national authorities by the end of September 2022, and released at the end of October 2022 in the OECD FDI database.