OECD sustainable manufacturing indicators





Indicators are a well-established means of defining, tracking and improving performance. Most businesses use familiar indicators nearly every day to track sales, costs, employee performance and customer satisfaction, to name but a few. This Toolkit introduces and provides advice on 18 of the most important and commonly applicable quantitative indicators for environmental performance that will help evaluate and drive performance at your facilities. These indicators will mainly assist internal management and decision-making and can be used for all types of manufacturing.


Overview of the OECD Sustainable Manufacturing Indicators


Note: Indicators O1, O2 and O4 can be extended to measure the impact associated with your supply chain as well as your facility: namely, water and energy consumed and greenhouse gas emissions caused during the production of inputs.



These indicators have been developed to help measure the environmental impact relating to the production activities of a single facility in your business (e.g. site, factory, office) as a starting point for sustainable manufacturing. However, you can also monitor and evaluate the performance at the overall organisational level by aggregating the data obtained to calculate the indicators.


 Explaining Indicators


Click below links to see the calculation and guidance of each indicator:



I1. Non-renewable materials intensity

I2. Restricted substances intensity

I3. Recycled/reused content



O1. Water intensity

O2. Energy intensity

O3. Renewable proportion of energy

O4. Greenhouse gas intensity

O5. Residuals intensity

O6. Air releases intensity

O7. Water releases intensity

O8. Proportion of natural land



P1. Recycled/reused content

P2. Recyclability

P3. Renewable materials content

P4. Non-renewable materials intensity

P5. Restricted substances content

P6. Energy consumption intensity

P7. Greenhouse gas emissions intensity



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