OECD Climate Change

Strengthening resilience for a changing climate

The increased frequency and intensity of extreme events, and the impact of climatic changes such as sea-level rise and ocean acidification, underscore the need to urgently strengthen societal and economic resilience. Reducing and managing the risks from climate change are indispensable for safeguarding lives and livelihoods, but also for containing rising inequalities exacerbated by a changing climate.

The OECD supports countries in their climate adaptation planning processes across ministries and as providers of development finance, and in translating scientific, economic and social science research into useful insights, guidance and recommendations to policy makers.

Nature, water and agriculture


Biodiversity and climate are intrinsically linked through the ecosystem services that regulate the global climate. OECD work covers a range of areas from policy instruments and agriculture to sustainable land use.

Nature-based solutions

The use of nature-based solutions can reduce the intensity of the impact of a given hazard. In the same way that mangroves can reduce damaging storm surges on coasts, there are plenty of other examples to be explored.

Water-related climate risks

Water-related risks include manifold issues such as access to drinking water, flooding, pollution and other disruptions. We need to invest in climate change adaptation, water management and disaster-risk reduction as a crucial part of our climate change response.

Agricultural risk management and resilience

The agriculture and food sector is among the most vulnerable to climate change. The OECD has developed a holistic approach to risk management that can help guide governments to boost the resilience of their agriculture and food sector, and prepare for uncertainties ahead.


Understanding and managing risks

Disaster-risk financing

The effective financial management of disaster risks is a key public policy challenge for governments around the world, particularly those faced with high exposure to floods, earthquakes, cyclones, terrorist attacks, industrial and technological accidents, and pandemics. 

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Governance of critical risks

Total damage caused by disasters in OECD countries and the BRICs has been estimated at nearly USD 1.5 trillion over the last decade. The Recommendation of the Council on the Governance of Critical Risks has been designed to better govern and manage complex national risks.

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Managing wildfires

Climate change increases wildfire risk. While wildfires are a natural occurrence, they will greatly increase due to high temperatures and extended drought periods, coupled with difficult-to-predict wind patterns.

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