Social Economy and Innovation

Social Economy


Social economy organisations traditionally refer to the set of associations, cooperatives, mutual organisations, and foundations whose activity is driven by values of solidarity, the primacy of people over capital, and democratic and participative governance. 

The OECD has significantly contributed to the conceptual knowledge and practical understanding of the social economy since its’ pioneering work on the plural economy in the 1990’s. The OECD continues to expand its knowledge base while raising awareness of the contribution of social economy organisations to an inclusive and sustainable growth at the local, regional and national levels in OECD member countries and beyond. 


Global Action to promote Social and Solidarity Economy Ecosystems (2020 - 2023)

The Global Action “Promoting Social and Solidarity Economy Ecosystems” was hosted by the OECD and funded by the European Union’s Foreign Partnership Instrument. It covered more than 30 countries over 2020 to 2023. This work targeted all EU countries and non-EU countries such as Brazil, Canada, India, Korea, Mexico and the United States.

The Global Action produced three main outputs:

  • An international Guide on Legal Frameworks for the SSE
  • An international Guide on Social Impact Measurement for the SSE
  • Peer-learning partnerships (PLPs) to create knowledge and experience sharing opportunities between different countries and stakeholders on different topics critical to SSE development



Policy guides

Thematic papers

In-depth reviews of the social economy

Other publications and working papers on the social economy:

* These publications have been produced with the financial support of the European Union.

To see a full list of our publications, click here 



 For general information about the social economy, please contact [email protected] 


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