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  • 17-October-2019

    English

    Review of national policy initiatives in support of digital and AI-driven innovation

    This paper draws lessons from 12 national policy initiatives (four AI strategies and eight policy programmes) aimed at supporting breakthrough digital and AI-driven innovation and the application of those innovations by industry. Most of these initiatives actively involve multiple stakeholders from public research, industry and government, have mixed public-private funding models, and seek international co-operation on AI.

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  • 11-October-2019

    English

    Supporting research for sustainable development

    This paper presents innovation policy initiatives that support research and innovation for sustainable development through systemic solutions. Initiatives reviewed include grant schemes that support the development of environmental technologies, programmes to foster research collaborations on environmental challenges, and smart city initiatives leveraging use of digital technologies.

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  • 24-September-2019

    English

    Cross-country evidence on the contributions of research institutions to innovation

    Assessing the impacts of higher education institutions and public research institutes – referred to jointly as research institutions – on innovation is at the top of the policy agenda in light of increased attention to the effectiveness of public investment. This paper provides new evidence on the patenting activities of over 20,000 research institutions and their impact on industries’ patenting activity across OECD countries and China.

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  • 18-July-2019

    English

    How are digital technologies changing innovation? Evidence from agriculture, the automotive industry and retail

    Digital technologies impact innovation in all sectors of the economy, but they are integrating and transforming sectors in very different ways. This analysis calls for revisiting innovation policy mixes to ensure they remain effective and address emerging challenges.

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  • 5-July-2019

    English

    The Space Economy in Figures - How Space Contributes to the Global Economy

    The space economy is expanding and becoming increasingly global, driven by the development of ever-more governmental space programmes around the world, the multiplication of commercial actors in value chains, durable digitalisation trends, and new space systems coming of age. This report describes these emerging trends using new and internationally comparable data and indicators. It highlights the growing importance of space activities for the economy, for developing country strategies (based on original official development assistance statistics), for the pursuit of knowledge and scientific discoveries, and for society in general. To get the most out of space investments and promote sustained socio-economic growth, this report provides some recommendations to countries in building up their statistical evidence on space actors and activities.
  • 6-May-2019

    English

    The digital innovation policy landscape in 2019

    How are OECD countries supporting digital innovation and ensuring that benefits spread across the economy? This paper explores strategies and initiatives currently implemented in OECD countries to support innovation in the digital age.

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  • 10-April-2019

    English

    University-Industry Collaboration - New Evidence and Policy Options

    This report discusses challenges and opportunities in assessing the impacts of science-industry knowledge exchange on innovation. The report provides new evidence on joint industry-science patenting activity and academic start-ups, as well as on the impact of geographical proximity between research institutions and industry on local innovation. The report explores the complex set of knowledge-transfer channels, such as collaborative research, co-patenting, academic spinoffs, and their relative importance across science fields and industry sectors. It also experiments with using labour force survey data to assess the contributions of graduates in social sciences to different industries. Different policy mixes are used in OECD countries to stimulate science-industry knowledge transfer. This report presents a taxonomy of 21 policy instruments, which include grants for collaborative university-industry research and financial support to university spin-offs, and discusses their possible positive and negative interactions. Based on a number of country case studies, the report also sheds light on new policy approaches to support spin-off creation. The report also explores recent trends on the governance of public research of high relevance to science-industry knowledge transfer using newly developed policy indicators for 35 OECD countries.
  • 5-April-2019

    English

    Science-industry knowledge exchange: A mapping of policy instruments and their interactions

    Countries deploy a variety of policy instruments to promote science-industry knowledge exchange. While these instruments are often discussed in isolation, they are implemented collectively and may negatively affect each other or add excessive complexity. This paper develops a conceptual framework to map policy instruments for knowledge exchange and assess interactions.

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  • 29-March-2019

    English

    Public research and innovative entrepreneurship: Preliminary cross-country evidence from micro data

    This paper provides a first assessment of the degree to which public research contributes to innovative entrepreneurship, using data on start-ups and venture capital.

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  • 29-March-2019

    English

    Reference framework for assessing the scientific and socio-economic impact of research infrastructures

    This report provides funders, decision-makers and research infrastructure (RI) managers with a versatile tool, based on current community practices, to evaluate the achievement of scientific and socio-economic objectives realistically. The framework can be adapted for different types of RIs and different stages in the RI life cycle.

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