Sweden is in 10th place in the OECD in terms of the share of immigrants in its population, with the foreign-born accounting for 14% of the total population. 19% of them arrived in the last 5 years compared with 22% on average across OECD countries. The foreign-born population is on average as educated as across OECD countries, with 31% of highly educated compared with 31% across OECD countries. 36% come from an OECD high-income country and 13% from a country with the same official language.

62% of the foreign-born population are employed (67 and 57% of men and women, respectively), which is lower than the OECD average. The foreign-born population is less likely to be employed than their native-born counterparts. This discrepancy is partly driven by differences in age and educational distributions. After accounting for these differences, the gap between the two groups tends to get wider for both men and women.

Sweden is among the top/bottom five countries with the highest share of nationals among its foreign-born population. In 2010, 5.5% of its foreign population was naturalised, compared with 2.9% across OECD countries.



Infomation on the figures by topic:

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Topic Definition
Housing Immigrants living in a suitably-sized dwelling, %, 2009
Income Annual equivalised disposable income, USD, 2008
Health Foreign-born adults reporting to be in good health, %, 2009
Education Mean reading score of native-born children of immigrants, points, PISA 2009
Employment Employment rate of the foreign-born population (15-64), %, 2009-10
Skill matching Highly educated immigrants (15-64) in highly skilled jobs, % of highly educated immigrant employed, 2009-10
Naturalisation Persons naturalised in 2010 as a % of the foreign population in 2009


Foreign-born population
1.3 million
14.4 % of total population
Foreign-born population (15-64)
  Sweden OECD average
Recent immigrants
  19% 17%
Highly educated
  31% 31%
From an OECD high-income country
  36% 28%
From country with same official language
  13% 27%