OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: Belgium 2020
The OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts reviews of the individual
development co-operation efforts of DAC members once every five to six years. DAC
peer reviews critically examine the overall performance of a given member, not just
that of its development co-operation agency, covering its policy, programmes and systems.
They take an integrated, system-wide perspective on the development co-operation activities
of the member under review and its approach to fragility, crisis and humanitarian
Belgium is a powerful voice for the cause of the least developed countries and fragile
contexts, and a strong humanitarian partner. Committed to the principles of partnership,
it empowers multilateral, civil society and private sector organisations to achieve
their mandates. As Belgium emerges from a period of institutional reforms, this peer
review provides recommendations to strengthen the management of its development co-operation
policy. It also advises on how to take advantage of recent changes to reinforce the
humanitarian-development-peace nexus, and improve the management of human resources.
Available from November 24, 2020Also available in: French
A good practice excerpt from the peer review: Common strategic frameworks (CSFs): Belgium’s tool to drive concentration and synergies among non-government actors
The new Common Strategic Frameworks (CSFs) lie at the heart of non-government co-operation programming. They have made it possible to concentrate and rationalise Belgian efforts and create synergies among non-government actors (NGAs) by co ordinating partners around shared objectives:
With 96% of non-government co-operation subsidies granted through 32 geographic CSFs and one thematic framework on decent work, the CSFs have increased geographic concentration.
CSFs have strengthened co-ordination among actors and synergies between interventions with more than a third of the frameworks common to several NGAs.
During the programming cycle, the administration regularly liaises with NGAs: a dialogue in Brussels focuses on the organisational and institutional evolution of each NGA and the lessons learned from its theory of change; and a strategic dialogue in partner countries is a chance to report on performance, inform monitoring, support steering, promote mutual learning and make any adjustments to the CSF.
This consolidation effort has enhanced NGA’s right of initiative:
Each CSF is initiated by NGAs.
Under the aegis of a lead organisation, NGAs collectively participate in developing the CSFs, including through detailed contextual analysis and risk identification, setting strategic targets and identifying complementarities.
Grant allocation depends on the quality of the proposal and is awarded directly to each participating NGA. Aligning programmes with Belgian co-operation priorities is a “co-financing bonus” rather than a condition for access to funding.