OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: France 2018
The OECD's Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts periodic reviews of the
individual development co-operation efforts of DAC members. The policies and programmes
of each DAC member are critically examined approximately once every five years. DAC
peer reviews assess the performance of a given member, not just that of its development
co-operation agency, and examine both policy and implementation. They take an integrated,
system-wide perspective on the development co-operation and humanitarian assistance
activities of the member under review.
This review analyses the performance of France, including its efforts towards international
stability and climate financing, as well as the impact of the grant-loan composition
and the cross-government management of its aid programme.
Published on September 20, 2018Also available in: French
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MAIN FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Read the DAC's main findings and recommendations, available in English and in French.
OECD welcomes French plans to increase and better target foreign aid
The Review says that having started increasing aid in 2017 following a five-year decline, France now needs to increase the share of grants compared to loans in line with its ambitions to support fragile and least-developed countries.
The Review welcomes France’s setting out of a clear strategic framework and priorities for development co-operation, its improvement of staff management at the French development agency and its adoption of innovative financing instruments. It underlines, however, that care should be taken to ensure aid stays focused on fighting poverty and inequality and is not diverted to cover needs related to domestic policy and security or regulating migration flows.
A good practice excerpt from the peer review: France at the forefront of innovative financing
France has successfully established innovative development financing mechanisms, including the financial transaction tax, the solidarity levy on air tickets; the “1% water”, “1% waste” and “1% energy” facilities, and debt reduction and development contracts.
Continued development of these mechanisms could help to promote their use by other donors and enable France to be a leading protagonist in this field. In addition, France has a broad range of catalysing instruments for supporting private sector development in developing countries.