As interest in the substitution of harmful chemicals continues to grow in industry, NGOs and the public sector, organisations are seeking guidance on the conduction of alternatives assessment and for the selection of appropriate methods and tools. The OECD is responding to this need by developing guidance documents, sharing experiences through workshops and by collecting available resources.
This document summarises approaches used to support alternatives assessments and substitution by countries and lessons learned. This second edition is based on responses received to a questionnaire as well as discussion from the 2022 OECD Workshop on Government Approaches to Incentivise Substitution.
ACCESS THE REPORT
The goal of this report is to characterize the current landscape of third-party (not government or regulated industry) approaches to chemical substitution across OECD countries, and in doing so, to provide information on those approaches that can be used by governments and other stakeholders to inform their chemical risk management efforts.
ACCESS THE REPORT
This study aims to give an overview of economic instruments used in chemicals management and in other environmental domains that governments could consider to incentivise substitution of chemicals of concern. The study reviews lessons learned from the use of five types of economic instruments: taxes, fees, subsidies, tradable permits, and deposit-refund systems, as well as “hybrid instruments” that combine elements of different instrument groups.
ACCESS THE REPORT
This guidance aims to identify and outline key considerations for the identification and selection of safer alternatives. It is intended to advance a consistent understanding of the minimum requirements needed to determine whether a chemical alternative is safer than the priority chemical, product, or technology for substitution, independent of the entity performing the assessment or the alternatives assessment framework being used.
This report describes and gives a list of approaches developed across countries and by different stakeholders to support alternatives assessment and substitution of chemicals of concern.
This report summarises the main conclusions from the Workshop on Approaches to Support Substitution and Alternatives Assessment, organised in May 2018. The workshop discussed issues such as approaches used to support alternative assessments and substitution; the strengths of the approaches and challenges to design and implementation, the link between innovation and progress in substitution and alternatives assessment; and initiatives to facilitate data sharing and other collaborative efforts.
This report summarises the main conclusions from the Workshop on Alternatives Assessment and Substitution of Harmful Chemicals, organised in May 2015. The workshop discussed the advances in substitution and alternatives assessment; remaining gaps in terms of specific tools that could support substitution and alternatives assessment globally; the usefulness of harmonisation in specific areas; and practices for alternatives assessment and the substitution of chemicals of concerns.
This report includes definitions, principles, frameworks and tools for alternatives assessment, as well as the key drivers and audiences, and it identifies the contribution that OECD can make in this space.
The tools and data sources present online resources and software that can be used in conducting chemical substitutions or alternatives assessments. The information is divided into two categories: tools, which provide users with the ability to evaluate a chemical, material, process, product and/or technology for attribute analysis with an alternatives assessment, and data sources, which contain a repository of organised information but no mechanism for data manipulation for outside users.
ACCESS THE TOOLS AND DATA SOURCES
You will find a number of frameworks and guides developed by various organisations in response to regulations of chemical substances and stakeholder interest in having consistent approaches to evaluate alternatives.
ACCESS THE FRAMEWORKS, GUIDES, TOOLKITS AND PRODUCT RATING SYSTEMS
You will find information on tools that address cost/benefit and availability, exposure assessment, materials management and other comparative attributes of interest in an alternatives assessment.
ACCESS THE TOOLS
Case studies are descriptions of alternatives assessments that have been conducted by manufacturers, academic institutions, NGOs or government bodies.
©OECDACCESS THE CASE STUDIES
Learn more about our work on Chemical Safety and Biosafety, and read our progress report.
To receive our latest news, publications and events, tick the boxes and enter your email below:
Watch our videos on the OECD Chemical Safety and Biosafety YouTube channel
Follow us on Twitter
Learn more about the work of the OECD Environment Directorate, and contact us with your questions.