Regional development

Multi-level Governance, Public Investment and Subnational Finance


At the OECD, we help governments design adaptive multi-level governance systems and innovative finance tools, to foster partnerships and ensure more effective investment outcomes, including to meet climate objectives in regions and cities.













We collect and analyse data on subnational government structure and finance to support evidence-based policy-making.


We carry out a wide range of studies - from multi-level governance and decentralisation, to subnational public finance and climate-related investment in regions and cities.


We cover OECD Member countries and beyond, at the national and subnational levels.

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Seminar: Financing of development at regional and local level in Slovak Republic

Date: January 30, 2020


The OECD Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities and the Division of Regional Development Office of the Deputy Prime Minister of Slovak Republic arranged a joint one-day seminar in Bratislava, Slovakia.

The seminar focused on ways that Slovak Republic could strengthen its place-based approach to public investment and enhance the financing of public and private investments at the local and regional level. The seminar was opened by the Deputy Prime Minister Mr. Richard Rasi and by the Deputy Director, Mr. Joaquim Oliveira Martins.


More details on the seminar

MLG_Event_Slovak seminar_Jan 30


Photo by Michaela Kolimárová



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Enhancing subnational climate and environment-related public finance

Access the subnational climate finace page

Report: Financing climate objectives in cities and regions to deliver sustainable and inclusive growth

Upcoming project: Tracking and enhancing subnational climate-related finance for climate action


Making Decentralisation Work: A Handbook for Policy-Makers

The report identifies 10 guidelines for more effective decentralisation to support regional and local development. The report proposes concrete tools for policy-makers, including detailed sets of recommendations, checklists, pitfalls to avoid and examples of good practices, both in unitary and federal countries.

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OECD-UCLG World Observatory on Subnational Government Finance and Investment Initiative

Covering over 120 countries, the SNG-WOFI initiative is the world’s leading source of internationally comparable data and analysis on subnational government structure and finance.

Access the SNG-WOFI website

Implementing the OECD Recommendation on Effective Public Investment across Levels of Government

12 Principles to promote more effective public investment and a Toolkit with insight on good practices in OECD countries and beyond.

Access out the Toolkit

Access the implementation brochure

Access the Recommendation



Decentralisation and Regionalisation in Portugal:
What Reform Scenarios?
Strengthening Governance of EU Funds under Cohesion Policy

Financing Climate Objectives in Cities and Regions to Deliver Sustainable and Inclusive Growth

Making Decentralisation Work: A Handbook for Policy-Makers

Rethinking Regional Development Policy-Making

Multi-Level Governance Reforms
in OECD Countries:
Key Data (2018)
MLG_COVER_Portugal  Cover of report: Strengthening Governance of EU Funds under Cohesion Policy  

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