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Regulatory Governance in the Pesticide Sector in Mexico

A clear, efficient, and modern regulatory framework for pesticides is essential for addressing their impacts on human health and the environment, supporting a life-cycle approach to their management, and ensuring crop protection and a sustainable agricultural industry. This report identifies the gaps, barriers, implementation flaws and inefficiencies that affect the regulatory framework of pesticides in Mexico. It takes stock of the regulatory framework and recent reforms, and identifies both the areas that pose the greatest challenge for the effective regulation of pesticides and those where regulation – or lack of it – in pesticides most affects policy objectives and economic activity. These challenges and practices are assessed in view of OECD principles and country experiences, and recommendations are provided to support better regulation efforts. The report finds that Mexico would benefit from adopting a comprehensive, mutually-agreed policy strategy for pesticides, recognising that pesticide management is a shared responsibility across national and local governments, the pesticide industry, pesticide users, as well as the general public.

Available from September 22, 2021Also available in: Spanish

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword
Abbreviations and acronyms
Executive summary
The context of regulation of pesticides in Mexico
Central aspects of pesticide regulation: registration, evaluation and enforcement
International best practices on pesticide regulation
Assessment and recommendations
Laws, regulations and technical standards on pesticides management in Mexico
Questionnaire submitted to Mexican stakeholders
Fact-finding mission
Comparison of the FAO and WHO guidelines for information requirements with Mexico’s requirements
Data requirements for the registration of pesticides in Mexico
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