OECD Territorial Reviews: Japan 2016

Japan is embarked on a demographic transition without precedent in human history: the population is both declining and ageing rapidly. This raises important questions about the country's future economic geography, as public policies will need both to respond to these shifts and also to shape them. Demographic change will have particularly important implications for the settlement pattern of the country, and this, in turn, will affect Japan's ability to sustain economic growth and the well-being of its citizens. This Review therefore focuses on the spatial implications of demographic change and the response of spatial policies to it, particularly as these interact with other policies aimed at sustaining the productivity growth that a "super-ageing" Japan will need in order to maintain its future prosperity. The Japanese authorities have recently put in place a complex package of long-term spatial and structural policies aimed at meeting this challenge. Their experience should be of first-order interest to other OECD countries, as most face the prospect of rapid population ageing and many are also projected to experience significant population decline over the coming decades.

Published on April 11, 2016Also available in: Japanese

In series:OECD Territorial Reviewsview more titles


Acronyms and abbreviations
Executive summary
Assessment and recommendations
Japan's demographic transition and the productivity challenge
Long-term vision, planning and governance in Japan
Building competitive and liveable metropolitan areas in Japan
Policies to ensure Japan's regional and rural revitalisation
Powered by OECD iLibrary