Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Canada

The Canadian food and agriculture sector is for the most part competitive and export-oriented: although challenges and opportunities vary significantly between regions, primary agriculture benefits from an abundance of natural resources and faces limited environmental constraints. Negative environmental impacts of agriculture relate mainly to local water pollution by agricultural nutrients. Productivity growth, resulting from innovation and structural change, has driven production and income growth without significantly increasing pressure on resource use. Nonetheless, the capacity to innovate is crucial to take advantage of the growing and changing demand for food and agricultural products at the global level.

Published on August 03, 2015Also available in: French

In series:OECD Food and Agricultural Reviewsview more titles


Executive summary
Overall assessment and recommendations
Overview of food and agriculture challenges and performance in Canada
Economic stability and trust in institutions in Canada
Investment in the Canadian food and agriculture system
Capacity building and services for the Canadian food and agriculture system
Canadian agricultural policy: Structural change, sustainability and innovation
The Canadian Agricultural Innovation System
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