The 2016 Sweden Review of Innovation Policy deepens the 2012 Review by focusing on six policy initiatives central to the 2008 and 2012 Swedish Research and Innovation Bills, notably: 1) the increase in funding for university research, 2) the establishment of Strategic Research Areas, 3) actions designed to enhance the role of research institutes in Sweden’s innovation system, 4) the definition and funding of Strategic Innovation Areas in collaboration with industrial, academic and research institute actors, 5) the initiation of a Challenge-Driven Innovation programme addressing societal challenges, 6) improved prioritisation and support for Swedish participation in European research and innovation activities.
Finland, the Netherlands and Sweden have the lowest prices for mobile phone calls among OECD countries, according to the latest OECD Communications Outlook. The highest were found in Canada, Spain and the United States.
With case studies on Austria, Belgium (Flanders), Finland, Greece, Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden, this book illustrates mechanisms and practices for better governance co-ordination and integration across policy areas.
This book presents case studies on innovation policy governance in Australia, Austria, Belgium (Flanders), Finland, Greece, Ireland, Japan, Korea, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway and Sweden. It provides fresh insight into how governments are striving to make innovation policy more coherent.
This report offers strategic guidance for policy makers and government officials responsible for commissioning and using evaluations of public engagement. It provides an indication of the key issues for consideration and offers concrete examples drawn from current practice in 8 OECD countries.
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The purpose of the present chapter is to describe the flow of employees into and out of the higher educational system from and into the surrounding economy.