OECD Environmental Performance Reviews provide independent assessments of countries’ progress towards their environmental policy objectives. Reviews promote peer learning, enhance government accountability, and provide targeted recommendations aimed at improving countries’ environmental performance, individually and collectively. They are supported by a broad range of economic and environmental data and evidence-based analysis. Each cycle of Environmental Performance Reviews covers all OECD member countries and selected partner countries. The most recent reviews include: Spain (2015), Brazil (2015) and Chile (2016).
This report is the third Environmental Performance Review of France. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on energy transition and biodiversity.
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Unemployment in France is finally stabilising but remains high, at 9.9% of the labour force in May 2016. It will slowly continue to decrease in 2017.
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This note presents selected findings based on the set of well-being indicators published in How's Life? 2016?
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France has the 6th highest tax wedge among the 34 OECD member countries in 2015, compared with the 5th highest position in 2014. The average single worker in France faced a tax wedge of 48.5% in 2015, compared with the OECD average of 35.9%.
The tax burden on labour income is expressed by the tax wedge, which is a measure of the net tax burden on labour income borne by the employee and the employer.
The 2015 edition of National Accounts of OECD Countries, General Government Accounts is an annual publication, dedicated to government finance which is based on the System of National Accounts 2008 (SNA 2008) for all countries except Chile, Japan, Korea and Turkey (SNA 1993). It includes tables showing government aggregates and balances for the production, income and financial accounts as well as detailed tax and social contribution receipts and a breakdown of expenditure of general government by function, according to the harmonised international classification, COFOG. These detailed accounts are available for the general government sector. Data also cover the following sub-sectors, according to availability: central government, state government, local government and social security funds.
The data in this publication are also available on line via www.oecd-ilibrary.org under the title OECD National Accounts Statistics, General Government Accounts (http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/na-gga-data-en and http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/na-gga08-data-en).
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In France, there is only one main category of nurses. Following the 2009 reform, nursing education has moved from vocational programmes to higher education (university) programmes, with a requirement for nurses to obtain a Bachelor degree to align these educational requirements with other European countries.
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In 2012, 22% of students in France were low performers in mathematics (OECD average: 23%), 19% were low performers in reading (OECD average: 18%), 19% were low performers in science (OECD average: 18%), and 13% were low performers in all three of these subjects (OECD average: 12%).
This case study presents the French system of funding for political parties and campaigns, the expenditure rules that apply to campaigns, as well as the transparency and reporting measures in place. It also discusses the role of the French oversight body charged with ensuring compliance with existing rules.
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The tax burden in France increased by 0.2 percentage points from 45.0% to 45.2% in 2014. The corresponding figures for the OECD average were an increase of 0.2 percentage points from 34.2% to 34.4%.