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Publications & Documents


  • 17-février-2022

    Français

    Emploi et chaînes de valeur mondiales (CVM)

    Les indicateurs de l'OCDE sur le contenu en emploi sont expérimentaux. Ils permettent de décomposer et d'analyser les variations annuelles de l'emploi induites par les fluctuations de la demande finale de biens et services entre différents pays et régions.

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  • 17-février-2022

    Français

    STAN base de données pour l'ANalyse STructurelle

    La base de données STAN pour l'analyse structurelle permet de comparer les performances industrielles internationales, à un niveau détaillé des activités économiques.

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  • 17-February-2022

    English

    Future-Proofing Adult Learning in Berlin, Germany

    After a long period of employment growth that led to the lowest unemployment rate since the German reunification, Berlin’s labour market is now tightening. Accelerated by the COVID-19 pandemic, global labour market megatrends such as the automation of production processes and the increasingly advanced digital skills required to perform many jobs pose new challenges to Berlin’s policymakers. Preparing and improving its adult learning system to adapt to the rapidly changing demand for skills will be vital for the future competitiveness of Berlin’s economy and socio-economic mobility. The report Future-Proofing Adult Learning in Berlin, Germany analyses strengths and bottlenecks in Berlin’s adult learning programmes. It stresses the importance of developing a long-term vision for continuing education and training in Berlin that brings together different actors from an adult learning landscape that offers a wide range of diverse services. It further highlights the need to expand local adult learning programmes that account for the city’s highly dynamic population and labour market.
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  • 16-February-2022

    English

    Future-proofing adult learning systems in cities and regions - A policy manual for local governments

    In the coming years, labour markets will face significant challenges. In this context, re- and upskilling of adults is an urgent priority for all at national, regional and local levels. To turn challenges into opportunities and to ensure that the supply of local skills matches constantly changing skills demands, there is a need to create strong adult learning systems for a more resilient and empowered society and productive economy. To support local governments in their efforts to future-proof adult learning systems, this policy manual presents a range of policy options and concrete actions that can inspire and guide work at the local level. It is designed for both policy makers and practitioners at the local and regional level, but also for national policy makers to support their efforts in supporting the diversity of local needs.
  • 8-February-2022

    English

    Gearing up for a post-pandemic world: Designing policies for an innovative sustainable recovery in East and Southeast Asia

    This ERIA-OECD high-level panel on 8 February will bring together regional stakeholders to discuss the ongoing digital and green transitions.

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  • 8-February-2022

    English

    Boosting social entrepreneurship and social enterprise development in Slovenia - In-depth policy review

    This report provides an in-depth analysis of the policy ecosystem in place for social entrepreneurship and social enterprises in Slovenia. It identifies the country’s strengths and challenges and provides policy recommendations to support the development of a stronger policy ecosystem. After an overview of the socio-economic and political context (Chapter 1), the report describes the conceptual framework for social enterprises and the social economy (Chapter 2); and analyses institutional and legal frameworks for social enterprises (Chapter 3), access to finance for social enterprises (Chapter 4), and access to public and private markets (Chapter 5), along with social impact measurement and reporting for social enterprise development (Chapter 6).
  • 2-February-2022

    English

    Regulatory Governance in the Mining Sector in Brazil

    Mining plays a crucial role in Brazil’s economy. Nonetheless, the efforts and resources devoted to regulatory quality in the sector, including the enforcement of rules, have not always been commensurate. This report identifies the gaps, barriers, implementation flaws and inefficiencies in the regulatory framework of the mining sector in Brazil. It takes stock of the recent reforms in the mining sector in Brazil, identifies areas that pose the greatest challenges for effective regulation in mining. It also describes the reforms that created the National Mining Agency of Brazil, its governance arrangements and its current regulatory practices. These are assessed against OECD principles in regulatory policy and mining regulation, as well as against country experiences from Australia, Chile, and Mexico. Finally, recommendations are provided to support further reform efforts.
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  • 20-janvier-2022

    Français

    Principes de l'OCDE applicables en matière de prix de transfert à l'intention des entreprises multinationales et des administrations fiscales 2022

    Dans une économie mondiale où les entreprises multinationales (EMN) jouent un rôle prépondérant, les gouvernements doivent s’assurer que les profits imposables des EMN ne sont pas transférés artificiellement hors de leur juridiction et que l’assiette fiscale déclarée par les EMN dans leur pays reflète l’activité économique qui y est menée. Pour les contribuables, il est essentiel de limiter les risques de double imposition économique. Les Principes de l’OCDE applicables en matière de prix de transfert fournissent des lignes directrices sur l’application du « principe de pleine concurrence », qui représente le consensus international pour la valorisation des transactions internationales entre entreprises associées. L’édition de janvier 2022 comprend les instructions révisées sur la mise en œuvre de la méthode transactionnelle du partage des bénéfices et les instructions à l’intention des administrations fiscales sur l’application de l’approche relative aux actifs incorporels difficiles à valoriser approuvées en 2018, ainsi que les nouvelles instructions sur les prix de transfert relatives aux transactions financières approuvées en 2020. Par ailleurs, des modifications de conformité ont été apportées au reste des Principes de l'OCDE applicables en matière de prix de transfert. Les Principes applicables en matière de prix de transfert ont été approuvés par le Conseil de l'OCDE dans leur version originale en 1995.
  • 14-January-2022

    English

    Policy brief on making the most of the social economy’s contribution to the circular economy

    This policy brief on the social economy and its contribution to the circular economy was produced by the OECD and the European Commission. The brief defines concepts of both the circular and social economy and describes the potential of the social economy to support circular activities and related business models and to reinforce uptake of circularity in our economies and societies. It finally identifies policy orientations that build on the complementarity of the social and circular economies, and help the social economy support circularity and drive a green and inclusive transition.
  • 12-January-2022

    English

    Strengthening FDI and SME Linkages in Portugal

    This report assesses the enabling conditions for maximising the benefits of foreign direct investment (FDI) on SME productivity and innovation in Portugal. It looks at the quality of investment that Portugal attracts and the capacity of Portuguese SMEs to benefit from any knowledge and technology spillovers resulting from these investments. It studies the extent to which FDI-SME spillovers occur through value chain linkages, strategic partnerships, labour mobility, competition and imitation effects. The report provides an overview of Portuguese public institutions responsible for investment, SMEs, innovation and regional development policies, taking a close look at arrangements to ensure multi-level policy coordination, stakeholder consultation and evaluation of policy impacts. It then reviews the mix of government policies that are currently in place to support FDI-SME linkages and spillovers, noting areas for further policy reforms. The last chapter introduces a regional lens, focusing in particular on the regions of Norte and Alentejo. This report is part of a broader European Commission-OECD programme on strengthening FDI-SME linkages and serves as a pilot for future country assessments.
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