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Publications & Documents


  • 6-July-2022

    English

    Potential spatial impacts of the war in Ukraine - A case study from Italy

    The impacts of the war in Ukraine will be felt severely within OECD economies, especially in border regions on the front-line of the humanitarian refugee crisis. The economic impacts, in particular those driven by rising energy prices, will also be spatially differentiated, affecting some regions more than others. Italy is no exception, with gas-intensive industries concentrated in northern regions, and wheat-based food and farming prevailing in southern regions and islands. While, overall, Russia accounted for a minor share of Italian exports, some regions and industries are more vulnerable than others to falls in bilateral trade, including destinations popular with high per-capita expenditure Russian tourists.
  • 4-July-2022

    English

    Policy brief on access to finance for inclusive and social entrepreneurship - What role can fintech and financial literacy play?

    This policy brief on access to finance for inclusive and social entrepreneurship was produced by the OECD and the European Commission. It presents evidence on the access to finance challenges faced by entrepreneurs from under-represented and disadvantaged groups and social entrepreneurs, and discusses how public policy could harness the potential of fintech to address these challenges. This covers crowdfunding, blockchain and the application of big data to finance for inclusive and social entrepreneurship. The policy brief also discusses the growing need for governments to strengthen financial literacy among the target groups of inclusive and social entrepreneurship policy, including with respect to fintech. Different policy approaches are discussed, including embedding financial literacy training in financial intermediation.
  • 30-June-2022

    English

    3rd International Capital Flows and Financial Policies Workshop

    17 October 2022- The joint Bank of England - Banque de France – IMF – OECD - Banca d'Italia workshop will bring together academics and policy makers to deepen the understanding of global capital flows.

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  • 27-juin-2022

    Français

    Le financement des PME et des entrepreneurs 2022 (version abrégée) - Tableau de bord

    La crise du COVID-19 a eu de profondes répercussions sur l'économie mondiale, les PME et les entrepreneurs ayant été particulièrement touchés. Les mesures rapidement mises en place par les gouvernements et les institutions financières publiques ont fourni une bouée de sauvetage cruciale pour les PME en manque de liquidités. La 10eme édition du Tableau de bord de l’OCDE sur le financement des PME et des entrepreneurs illustre les impacts de la crise sur le financement des PME, en suivant les faits récents en matière de dette, d’apport de fonds propres, de financement adossé à des actifs et les conditions de financement des PME, ainsi que l’évolution récente des politiques dans 48 pays. Il en ressort que l’accès des PME aux prêts est resté fluide pendant la pandémie, avec une croissance sans précédent de l'encours des prêts aux PME sur la période. Qui plus est, les conditions de crédit se sont considérablement assouplies : les taux d'intérêt ont atteint des niveaux historiquement bas, les écarts de taux d'intérêt se sont sensiblement resserrés et les exigences de garantie ont diminué dans la plupart des pays du Tableau de bord. En revanche, les sources alternatives de financement telles que le crédit-bail et l'affacturage ont fortement diminué, ce qui est en partie attribuable au recours massif au crédit. Les données sur le financement par apport de fonds propres font état d’un secteur du capital-risque résilient, non sans une certaine fragilité dans le financement de démarrage. Le chapitre thématique de ce rapport étudie l'évolution des mesures de soutien au financement des PME pendant la crise, de la phase de sauvetage à la phase de reprise. Il révèle un recul du soutien aux PME prévu dans les plans de relance nationaux par rapport aux mesures de sauvetage antérieures. Cette version abrégée contient les traductions complètes des chapitres thématiques ainsi que les profils des 5 pays francophones de l’OCDE : Belgique, Canada, France, Luxembourg et Suisse. La version intégrale du rapport comprend tous les profils complets et est disponible en anglais sur le site de l’OCDE.
  • 22-June-2022

    English

    FDI Qualities Review of Jordan - Strengthening Sustainable Investment

    Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) provides an important source of financing in Jordan but its reform momentum needs to be sustained and deepened so that the benefits of investment can be shared more widely across society. This report examines how FDI can help Jordan meet Sustainable Development Goals in areas of productivity and innovation, job quality and skills, gender equality and decarbonisation. It provides an overview of the country’s institutional framework for investment and sustainable development and analyses arrangements to ensure policy coordination, stakeholder consultation and evaluation of policy impacts. It also examines the mix of government policies that are currently in place to attract the investment that contributes to sustainable development, noting areas for priority policy reforms.
  • 17-June-2022

    English

    Culture and the creative economy in Emilia-Romagna, Italy

    Cultural and creative sectors are a significant driver of local development through job creation and income generation, spurring innovation across the economy. Beyond their economic impacts, they also have significant social impacts, from supporting health and well-being to promoting social inclusion and local social capital. This paper offers a review of cultural and creative sectors in the Emilia-Romagna region, Italy, highlighting issues and trends in regards to employment, business, entrepreneurship and financing in cultural and creative sectors. It also reviews issues and trends relating to cultural participation and offers in-depth analysis on the role of museums in supporting local development. The paper provides analysis and recommendations to support the region in strengthening the local cultural and creative ecosystem.
  • 13-June-2022

    English

    Policies to Support Green Entrepreneurship - Building a Hub for Green Entrepreneurship in Denmark

    Combatting climate change is among the most critical issues on the global policy agenda. The transition towards a greener economy will require a pivot towards more sustainable production processes and consumption patterns. Entrepreneurs have the potential to be a major driving force behind this effort through their capacity to develop and propagate innovative green solutions. To unlock this potential, it is crucial for policy makers to implement appropriate policies and measures that enable green entrepreneurs to thrive. This report identifies lessons from international policy practices in stimulating and supporting green entrepreneurship from three case study countries – Canada, Germany and Israel – to inform Denmark about effective policy practices and pitfalls to avoid as it implements initiatives to strengthen its green transition. Recommendations are offered across a number of areas such as promoting greater co-ordination between relevant policy actors, strengthening specialised support for green entrepreneurs and building green markets.
  • 8-June-2022

    English

    Strengthening sustainable investment policies - Ministerial Council Meeting 2022 side event

    8 June 2022 - This event focused on how promoting sustainable investment policies can support the COVID-19 recovery, advance the 2030 agenda on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Paris Agreement on climate change, and help to secure livelihoods for future generations.

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  • 8-June-2022

    English

    FDI Qualities Indicators: Measuring the sustainable development impacts of investment

    8 June 2022 - The FDI Qualities Indicators seek to measure the impact of international investment on sustainable development, focusing on productivity and innovation, job quality and skills, gender equality, and decarbonisation.

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  • 8-June-2022

    English

    Legal frameworks for the social and solidarity economy - OECD Global Action “Promoting Social and Solidarity Economy Ecosystems”

    The OECD Global Action 'Promoting Social and Solidarity Economy Ecosystems', funded by the European Union, through its work stream on legal frameworks, endeavours to: 1) increase knowledge and understanding on legal frameworks for the social and solidarity economy; 2) explore approaches and trends of legal frameworks to regulate the social and solidarity economy as a whole and social economy organisations; and 3) understand how legal frameworks can be used to promote and develop the social and solidarity economy in different contexts. This paper defines the legal notions, traditions and approaches to better understand legal frameworks that regulate the field. It presents and analyses the diversity, relevance and implications of legal frameworks that regulate the social economy; takes stock of the processes that lead to their design and implementation; identifies possible criteria for assessing their performance; and highlights the crosscutting issues and policy examples that could inspire countries.
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