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  • 7-April-2020

    English

    The water challenge

    The Sustainable Development Goals highlight the importance that the global community places on water and there is increasing demand for innovative and effective approaches to water management. The OECD provides policy guidance on water to OECD members and non-OECD countries, covering a wide range of issues. Find our more on the OECD work on water.

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  • 22-March-2020

    English

    Statement by OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría on World Water Day 2020

    Today, we are facing a global public health crisis with the coronavirus pandemic, and the world’s governments are struggling to respond. The health of so many, especially the most vulnerable, is at risk. Water and sanitation are key to combatting this crisis, with basic hygiene and hand-washing on the frontline of our defensive measures.

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  • 17-March-2020

    English

    Exploring options to measure the climate consistency of real economy investments: The manufacturing industries of Norway - Environment Working Paper

    This paper presents results from a first pilot study to measure the consistency of real economy investments with climate change mitigation objectives. The analysis focuses on investments in infrastructure and equipment in the manufacturing industries in Norway between 2010 and 2017, estimated at USD 2.5 billion per year on average.

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  • 13-March-2020

    English

    Policies, regulatory framework and enforcement for air quality management: The case of Korea - Environment Working Paper

    During past years, Korea figured among the OECD countries with the highest share of population exposed to excessive PM2.5 (atmospheric particulate matter that have a diameter of less than 2.5 micrometres) concentrations and PM2.5 concentration level in Seoul is about two times higher than the WHO’s guidelines or the levels of other major cities in developed countries.

  • 13-March-2020

    English

    Policies, regulatory framework and enforcement for air quality management: The case of Japan - Environment Working Paper

    The pollution intensity of the Japanese economy, measured as emissions per dollar of GDP, is among the lowest within OECD countries. However, air pollution remains a significant issue. Almost 80% of the Japanese residents were exposed to an annual concentration of PM2.5 above the WHO guideline while the attainment rate of the domestic air quality standard for photochemical oxidants is below 1%.

  • 13-March-2020

    English

    Managing the biodiversity impacts of fertiliser and pesticide use - Trends and policies across selected OECD countries - Environment Working Paper

    This paper reviews the impacts and costs of pesticide and fertiliser pollution as well as the policy responses to counter these in selected OECD countries. More specifically, the paper begins with an overview of the main biodiversity and health impacts of excess pesticide and fertiliser. In economic terms, nitrogen pollution, for example, has been estimated to cost the European Union between EUR 70 billion and EUR 320 billion per year.

  • 6-March-2020

    English

    Blog: 5 things we learned at the OECD Wildfires Conference

    It has been another unusually mild winter in Europe, with January and February feeling more like the beginning of spring. At the same time, summer in the Southern Hemisphere could not have been more different. Australians experienced the hottest and driest summer on record. Since the 1980s temperatures have been steadily rising in Australia, with the annual national mean temperature in 2019 being 1.52 °C above the 1961–1990 average.

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  • 21-February-2020

    English

    Blog: Environmental education: Knowledge is power!

    “Climate change is not a lie, we won’t let our planet die!” Building on the momentum of global school strikes organised in the spring of 2019, about four million students took to the streets around the world on 20 September 2019. Students voiced their concern about the climate crisis, demanding immediate action from public authorities.

  • 4-February-2020

    English

    Blog: Carbon tax, emissions reduction and employment: Some evidence from France

    In September 2019 the French Parliament adopted a law on energy and climate which enshrines into French law the objective of carbon neutrality by 2050, in line with the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement. To ensure this target is met, the French government developed a “National Low Carbon Strategy”, which acts as a roadmap for implementing a low-emission transition in each sector of the economy.

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  • 4-February-2020

    English

    Joint effects of energy prices and carbon taxes on environmental and economic performance: Evidence from the French manufacturing sector - Environment Working Paper

    The paper estimates the effect of energy prices and carbon taxation on firms’ environmental and economic performance. The analysis uses data on 8 000 firms that are representative of the French manufacturing sector and observed during 2001-2016. This paper also measures the causal impact of the carbon tax over the period 2014-2018 and simulates the effect of further increasing the carbon tax rate from €45 to €86 per tonne of CO2.

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