Education Policy Outlook


Education Policy Outlook 2022

Transforming Pathways for Lifelong Learners

The effects of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine (with its dramatic impact on energy and food prices), the continuation of the COVID-19 pandemic, and extreme weather events in some parts of the world in 2022 are expected to reverberate into 2023. International implications for education and training include economic uncertainty and tight labour markets, ongoing digital transformation, and continued growth and influence of mass information. These trends challenge education policymakers to transform existing pathways in their countries and economies, so people can become effective lifelong learners to navigate change. Building on the OECD’s Framework of Responsiveness and Resilience in Education Policy, as well as analysis of international policies and practices from over 40 education systems implemented mainly since 2020, this report identifies three areas of policy effort that education policymakers can undertake in 2023: 1) enhancing the relevance of learning pathways; 2) easing transitions throughout learners’ pathways; and 3) nurturing learners’ aspirations. Lessons emerging from recent policy efforts are synthesised into key policy pointers for 2023. The report has been prepared with evidence from the Education Policy Outlook series—the OECD’s analytical observatory of education policy.

Published on November 21, 2022Also available in: French

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Abbreviations and acronyms
Executive summary
Enhancing the relevance of learning pathways through anticipation, adaptability and assessment of impact
Easing transitions along learners’ personal pathways throughout life by strengthening connections, preventing learners from leaving early, and supporting re-entrance
Nurturing learners’ aspirations through outreach, perspective and agency
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