Challenging Social Inequality Through Career Guidance

Insights from International Data and Practice

This report explores how school-level career guidance systems can more effectively respond to social inequalities. It draws on new analysis of PISA and PIAAC data and builds on the OECD Career Readiness Indicators to review the impact of inequalities related primarily to socio-economic background, gender and migrant status/ethnicity on the character of education-to-work transitions. The data analysis identifies additional barriers facing certain demographic groups in converting human capital into successful employment. It also finds that teenage access to career development is strongly patterned by the demographic characteristics of students. Consequently, the report highlights a range of career guidance interventions that can be expected to mitigate the negative impact of inequalities on student outcomes, enabling fairer access to economic opportunities. The report concludes by reviewing how the innovative new Career Education Framework in New Brunswick (Canada) systematically addresses inequalities within K-12 provision.

Published on February 29, 2024


Executive Summary
Inequality in the transition from education to work
Inequality and career guidance by socio-economic status
Inequality and career guidance by gender
Inequality and career guidance by migrant background
Addressing inequalities through a career development framework
Conclusion: addressing social inequalities through career development
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