Nordic Lessons for an Inclusive Recovery? Responses to the Impact of COVID-19 on the Labour Market

This report examines the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Nordic labour markets and the associated policy responses undertaken in the areas of unemployment benefits, job retention schemes, active labour market policies and skill development policies. The report discusses the details of these policy measures across Nordic countries and draws out the main lessons learned from their response to the crisis. Finally, the report provides a set of key recommendations in each policy area to enable Nordic countries to build more inclusive and resilient labour markets in the post-pandemic period.

Published on March 16, 2023


Executive summary
Assessment and recommendations
The labour market impact of the COVID‑19 crisis in the Nordic countries
Supporting jobs and incomes: job retention schemes and unemployment benefits during the COVID‑19 crisis
The role of Public Employment Services and active labour market policies during the COVID‑19 crisis and recovery
Developing skills for the recovery
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