States of Fragility 2022 arrives during an ‘age of crises’, where multiple, concurring
crises are disproportionately affecting the 60 fragile contexts identified in this
year’s report. Chief among these crises are COVID-19, Russia's invasion of Ukraine,
and climate change, with the root causes of multidimensional fragility playing a central
role in shaping their scale and severity. The report outlines the state of fragility
in 2022, reviews current responses to it, and presents options to guide better policies
for better lives in fragile contexts. At the halfway point of the 2030 Agenda for
Sustainable Development, it is more critical than ever for development partners to
focus on the furthest behind: the 1.9 billion people in fragile contexts that account
for 24% of the world’s population but 73% of the world’s extreme poor.
Fragility is the combination of exposure to risk and insufficient coping capacities of the state, system and/or communities to manage, absorb or mitigate those risks.
Fragile contexts account for a quarter (24%) of the world’s population but three-quarters (73%) of people living in extreme poverty worldwide.
Fragility is compromising people, planet, and prosperity. In an interconnected world, addressing the root causes of multidimensional fragility is essential for sustainable development and peace.
Multidimensional fragility framework
The OECD has developed a multidimensional fragility framework to guide effective action in fragile contexts. It assesses risks and coping capacities across 6 dimensions: economic, environmental, human, political, security and societal.