The OECD's Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts periodic reviews of the
individual development co-operation efforts of DAC members. The policies and programmes
of each DAC member are critically examined approximately once every five years. DAC
peer reviews assess the performance of a given member, not just that of its development
co-operation agency, and examine both policy and implementation. They take an integrated,
system-wide perspective on the development co-operation and humanitarian assistance
activities of the member under review. Italy is strongly committed to multilateralism,
and it uses its convening power as well as expertise in co-operation to make the country
a leading voice on issues such as agriculture and cultural heritage. The country’s
commitment to leaving no one behind is particularly apparent through the focus on
gender and disability. However, the country would benefit from reversing the recent
decline in official development assistance (ODA), building a stronger and better-skilled
workforce, forming a coherent, whole-of-government approach to migration and development,
and creating a system to manage for results.
A good practice excerpt from the peer review: Recognising the contribution of diaspora to Italy’s development co-operation
Italy recognises that the migrant diaspora from developing countries and their organisations can make an important contribution to development co-operation: they can promote links between countries and populations, foster mutual understanding, make the case for development co-operation, or raise awareness of particular challenges. In many instances, their remittances constitute an important source of income and investment in the country of origin. Furthermore, they can share their experiences and transfer knowledge acquired. Capitalising on this potential often means creating an enabling environment in host and home countries, as well as building capacities. Italy has taken action to mobilise the contribution of migrants in Italy to development co-operation in a number of ways:
Law 125/2014, the new co-operation law, explicitly recognises the role of diaspora as part of civil society.
More than 2,100 diaspora organisations are registered in Italy.
Local and national diaspora summits organised in 2017 and 2018 helped build a more positive narrative on migration.
Under the G20 remittances agenda, Italy helped lower the cost of sending remittances.
Italy actively includes diaspora in co-operation programmes in Albania, Egypt, Senegal, and Tunisia to support investments and employment generation.