Development Co-operation Directorate


A Decade of Development Finance for Biodiversity

The report provides an overview of development finance with biodiversity-related objectives from a wide range of sources: bilateral Development Assistance Committee (DAC) members, non-DAC and South-South and triangular co-operation providers, multilateral institutions, private finance mobilised by development finance, and private philanthropy. The estimates are based on OECD statistical data. The report identifies the main gaps between biodiversity-related priorities and investments, and provides detailed estimates on financial allocations to the fight against illegal wildlife trade; nature-based solutions; indigenous peoples and local communities; the mainstreaming of biodiversity; gender equality; and climate change. These elements can help DAC members and other stakeholders to step up and target their biodiversity-related investments, notably to implement the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework under the Convention on Biological Diversity.

Available from April 14, 2023


Abbreviations and acronyms
Executive summary
Biodiversity: The key to unlocking sustainable development
Trends in development finance for biodiversity, 2011-2020
A deeper dive into key areas of development finance for biodiversity
Towards more strategic and effective development finance for biodiversity
Conclusions and recommendations
Annexes3 chapters available
Data coverage and sources
Dimensions of the analysis
Sector classifications
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