International Programme for Action on Climate


The International Programme for Action on Climate (IPAC) was established in May 2021 to assess and support progress towards net-zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and a more resilient economy by mid-century. To support these global objectives, IPAC provides governments with information and tools to monitor, evaluate and support the effectiveness of climate measures.

IPAC draws on the wealth of international climate-related data, indicators and research developed in partnership with the International Energy Agency (IEA), the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) and the International Transport Forum (ITF), covering environmental, economic, financial and social dimensions of climate change. It aims to provide targeted policy advice and internationally harmonised indicators complementary to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) framework for tracking the progress of the Paris Agreement goals.

IPAC covers all OECD countries, the six candidate accession countries (Argentina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Croatia, Peru and Romania), partner economies (People’s Republic of China, India, Indonesia and South Africa), other G20 countries, and Malta. The IPAC Dashboard that presents a comprehensive set of climate indicators ( is based on data published by official sources or otherwise validated by the countries concerned.

IPAC is an integral part of the OECD’s strategic approach to incorporating climate action into all of its work, harnessing the multi-disciplinary and whole-of-economy nature of OECD activity. This strategic approach comprises five pillars of action designed to ensure a climate contribution that is broad, deep and integrated into global efforts to address climate change. IPAC contributes to support pathways to the net-zero transition (Pillar 1) and providing a monitoring and measurement framework with a wide range of OECD data and indicators (Pillar 4). It also contributes to extensive OECD work on adaptation and resilience to climate change (Pillar 2), public and private finance, climate-centred investment and business action (Pillar 3), and multilateral and multi-disciplinary approaches to build co-operation and drive progress (Pillar 5). All five pillars allow for innovative advancements for better measurement, monitoring, policy design, implementation and evaluation for enhanced climate action.

The Climate Action Monitor is a summary of the state of climate action worldwide, principally centred on IPAC countries. Comprehensive information is not yet fully available, however. The information contained herein is based on the indicators developed by IPAC and analytical work from the OECD and entities within the OECD family. It provides a digest of progress toward climate objectives and alignment with the goals of the Paris Agreement.