Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities
Allocation of competences in policy sectors key to migrant integration
In a sample of ten OECD countries
A first step to implement effective migrant integration policies is to know who does
what in policy sectors key to integration. Responding to this need, this paper offers
policy makers a tool to understand the organisation of public action in key sectors
for integration - Employment, Education, Housing, and Health/Welfare – in a sample
of 10 OECD countries: Austria, Canada, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, New Zealand,
Spain, Sweden and the Netherlands.
The complexity of the division of powers among levels of government calls for coordination
mechanisms between actors, whatever the level of decentralisation. Besides, it throws
lights on subnational governments’ role in integrating migrants and enabling them
to participate to local development for the benefits of all. The geographic differences
that exist in migrant presence and outcomes mean countries should build on local authorities'
knowledge of local realities, aptitudes to coordinate different policy fields at the
relevant scale and cooperate with non-governmental organisations.