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  • 23-March-2022

    English

    Blog post: Meeting the Moment: Strengthening tax administration to raise mining revenue mobilization across Africa

    It is critical that African countries increase their domestic resource mobilization. The pressing need for economic stimulus in response to the devastating effects of the COVID-19 pandemic has compounded preexisting budgetary pressures for governments.

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  • 21-March-2022

    English

    New results on the prevention of tax treaty shopping show progress continues with the implementation of international tax avoidance measures

    The implementation of the BEPS package to tackle international tax avoidance continues to progress, as the OECD releases the latest peer review report assessing the actions taken by jurisdictions to prevent tax treaty shopping and other forms of treaty abuse under Action 6 of the OECD/G20 BEPS Project.

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  • 15-March-2022

    English

    Blog post: Building Government Capacity to Secure Mining’s Financial Benefits in Latin America

    Tax base erosion & profit shifting (BEPS) in mining is a critical issue for Latin American governments. Officials say they need more capacity on mineral pricing & metals streaming.

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  • 14-March-2022

    English

    Taxation of part-time work in the OECD

    The share of part-time employment in total employment has risen in most OECD countries over the past decades. While this is often associated with increased female labour force participation and the desire of many workers to achieve an improved work-life balance, there has been a significant decline in the average earnings of part-time workers relative to full-time workers, as well as an increase in involuntary part-time employment in a number of countries. This paper presents a summary of the taxation of part-time work in OECD countries. It includes new calculations of the effective tax rates on part-time work including those for male and female part-time workers and for different household types. These indicators provide an evidence base for policymakers looking to understand the impact of the tax system on the choice of employment form. The analysis shows that average tax rates for part-time workers are lower than those applied to full-time workers in almost all OECD countries, reducing post-tax gender wage gaps, although marginal tax rates are often higher for part-time workers. These differences between the taxation of part-time and full-time workers are largely due to differences in earnings levels, and therefore to the progressivity of countries’ tax systems, rather than to differences in the tax treatment applied to part-time workers relative to full-time workers.
  • 24-February-2022

    English

    Building an Investment Tax Incentives database - Methodology and initial findings for 36 developing countries

    The OECD has constructed an Investment Tax Incentives database which compiles granular details on corporate income tax (CIT) incentives for investment. This paper presents the methodology used to develop the database and insights from an initial data collection in 36 developing countries. The paper describes a classification to structure quantitative and qualitative information on investment tax incentives across three dimensions: design features, eligibility conditions and their legal basis. The data reveal that tax exemptions are the most widely used CIT instrument across the 36 countries and identifies notable differences between the incentives used within and outside of Special Economic Zones (SEZs). In 80% of countries covered, at least one tax incentive supports an area related to the Sustainable Development Goals.
  • 18-February-2022

    English, PDF, 1,068kb

    OECD Secretary-General Tax Report to G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors (Indonesia, February 2022)

    This report outlines key developments in international tax reform in recent months, in particular the developments regarding the two-pillar agreement, as well as progress made in tax transparency, the implementation of the BEPS minimum standards and the taxation of MNEs. The report also provides the latest on OECD work to establish an Inclusive Framework-like initiative to facilitate dialogue on implicit and explicit carbon pricing.

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  • 14-February-2022

    English

    Blog post: Why we need greater transparency on how aid is taxed

    By Jorge Moreira da Silva, Director of the OECD Development Co-operation Directorate and Pascal Saint-Amans, Director, OECD Centre for Tax Policy and Administration.

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  • 12-January-2022

    English

    Measuring effective taxation of housing - Building the foundations for policy reform

    This paper measures the effective taxation of housing investments in 40 OECD member and partner countries. The paper derives both Marginal Effective Tax Rates (METRs) and Average Effective Tax Rates (AETRs), which incorporate the stream of income and taxes over the life of the housing investment. The methodology is applied to owner-occupied and rented residential property for investments that are financed with debt or equity. The paper finds that the level and components of housing taxation depend greatly on the investment scenario. Effective tax rates vary substantially depending on the holding period, rate of return, tenure (owner-occupied or rented), financing scenario, and the inflation rate. Effective tax rates do not vary much with the taxpayer’s income and wealth or with the rate of return. The paper finds there is scope to reduce the tax differential between different investment scenarios and strengthen progressivity and horizontal equity.
  • 21-December-2021

    English

    News: Public consultations on the implementation aspects of Pillar One and Pillar Two

    Following the political agreement reached in October 2021 by over 135 countries to address the tax challenges arising from the digitalisation and globalisation of the economy, work on the implementation aspects of reform is underway. See how the 140+ members of the Inclusive Framework on BEPS intend to consult stakeholders during this next phase.

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