Harmful Tax Practices - Peer Review Reports on the Exchange of Information on Tax
Inclusive Framework on BEPS: Action 5
BEPS Action 5 is one of the four BEPS minimum standards which all Inclusive Framework
members have committed to implement. One part of the Action 5 minimum standard is
the transparency framework for compulsory spontaneous exchange on certain rulings
which, in the absence of transparency, could give rise to BEPS concerns. Over 100
jurisdictions have joined the Inclusive Framework and will take part in a peer review
to assess their compliance with the transparency framework.
Specific terms of reference and a methodology have been agreed for the peer reviews
to assess a jurisdiction’s implementation of the minimum standard. The review of the
transparency framework assesses countries against the terms of reference which focus
on five key elements: i) information gathering process, ii) exchange of information,
iii) confidentiality of the information received; iv) statistics on the exchanges
of rulings; and v) transparency on certain aspect of intellectual property regimes.
This report reflects the outcome of the first peer review of the implementation of
the Action 5 minimum standard. It covers the jurisdictions which participated in the
BEPS Project prior to the creation of the Inclusive Framework, and it assesses implementation
for the 1 January 2016 – 31 December 2016 period.
The Action 5 minimum standard consists of two parts. One part relates to preferential tax regimes, where a peer review is undertaken to identify features of such regimes that can facilitate base erosion and profit shifting, and therefore have the potential to unfairly impact the tax base of other jurisdictions. The second part includes a commitment to transparency through the compulsory spontaneous exchange of relevant information on taxpayer-specific rulings which, in the absence of such information exchange, could give rise to BEPS concerns.