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Africa’s Development Dynamics 2021

Digital Transformation for Quality Jobs

Africa’s Development Dynamics uses lessons learned in the continent’s five regions – Central, East, North, Southern and West Africa – to develop policy recommendations and share good practices. Drawing on the most recent statistics, this analysis of development dynamics attempts to help African leaders reach the targets of the African Union’s Agenda 2063 at all levels: continental, regional, national and local. The 2021 edition, now published at the beginning of the year, explores how digitalisation can create quality jobs and contribute to achieving Agenda 2063, thereby making African economies more resilient to the global recession triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic. The report targets four main policy areas for Africa’s digital transformation: bridging the digital divide; supporting local innovation; empowering own-account workers; and harmonising, implementing and monitoring digital strategies. This edition includes a new chapter examining how to finance Africa’s development despite the 2020 global economic crisis. Africa’s Development Dynamics feeds into a policy debate between the African Union’s governments, citizens, entrepreneurs and researchers. It aims to be part of a new collaboration between countries and regions, which focuses on mutual learning and the preservation of common goods. This report results from a partnership between the African Union Commission and the OECD Development Centre.

Published on January 19, 2021Also available in: French, Portuguese

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword
Editorial
Abbreviations and acronyms
Executive summary
Overview: Priorities to make digitalisation work for all in Africa
Digitalisation and jobs in Africa under COVID-19 and beyond
Policies to create jobs and achieve Agenda 2063 in the digital age
Digital transformation for youth employment and Agenda 2063 in Southern Africa
Digital transformation for youth employment and Agenda 2063 in Central Africa
Digital transformation for youth employment and Agenda 2063 in East Africa
Digital transformation for youth employment and Agenda 2063 in North Africa
Digital transformation for youth employment and Agenda 2063 in West Africa
Financing development in Africa
Statistical annex
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