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Roadmap toward a common framework for measuring the Digital Economy

There are several ways to define and measure the Digital Economy, making it difficult to set effective policies.

A 2020 OECD report for the for the G20 Digital Economy Task Force, Roadmap toward a Common Framework for Measuring the Digital Economy, proposes a common definition and a tiered framework to help establish clear, comparable measures for policy making:

"The Digital Economy incorporates all economic activity reliant on, or significantly enhanced by the use of digital inputs, including digital technologies, digital infrastructure, digital services and data. It refers to all producers and consumers, including government, that are utilising these digital inputs in their economic activities."

This overarching proposed policy definition is combined with a tiered definitional framework to not only assist with accurate measurement and comparability of the digital economy by statistical offices but to also allow for the incorporation of digitalised interactions not currently recorded as economic activity.

Going Digital Toolkit

The OECD's Going Digital Toolkit features interactive indicators, policy guidance and analysis to help countries measure and compare their digital development and develop policies accordingly.

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Measuring digital transformation

Sound measurement is crucial for evidence-based policy making, but existing metrics and measurement tools struggle to keep up with the rapid pace of the digital transformation. Measuring the Digital Transformation: A Roadmap for the Future provides new insights into the state of the digital transformation by mapping indicators across a range of areas against current policy issues. In so doing, it identifies gaps in the current measurement framework and sets out a forward-looking roadmap.

Digital economy outlook

Through comparative evidence, the OECD Digital Economy Outlook 2020 informs policy makers of regulatory practices and policy options to help maximise the potential of the digital economy as a driver for innovation and inclusive growth.

Published in December 2020, this edition has a special focus on how the COVID-19 pandemic is amplifying opportunities and challenges from the digital transformation.

How's life?

Making digitalisation work for people’s well-being will require building equal digital opportunities, widespread digital literacy and strong digital security. How's Life in the Digital Age? reviews the opportunities and risks of the digital transformation for people's well-being across a number of dimensions. Continued research and efforts in improving statistical frameworks will be needed to expand our knowledge on the many topics covered in this report.

Digital trade

What is digital trade and how can it be quantified? The OECD-WTO-IMF Handbook on Measuring Digital Trade sheds new light with:

  • A conceptual framework to define digital trade, around which national efforts could be targeted; and
  • A mechanism to bring together and share existing national and international efforts on measuring digital trade and/or dimensions of it, that could be used to identify and develop best practice.

Digital supply-use tables

Guidelines for supply-use tables for the digital economy

This document outlines the first conceptual framework for measuring digital activity in the form of digital supply-use tables and provides a detailed guide on the new classifications used as well as the template used to collect the proposed tables.


High priority indicators in the digital supply-use tables

This paper proposes indicators from the digital supply-use tables that would be considered high priority. It also provides conceptual and practical information to assist with the compilation of these high-priority indicators.