Thursday 26 October 2017: AI developments and applications

Conference Chair: Wonki Min, Chair of OECD Committee on Digital Economy Policy (CDEP), Korea

Opening keynote (via video)

  • Garry Kasparov, former world chess champion and author of Deep Thinking

Welcome remarks

  • Andrew Wyckoff, OECD Director for Science, Technology and Innovation
  • Masahiko Tominaga, Vice-Minister for Policy Coordination, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIC), Japan

Session 1. The state of AI research

This session provided an overview of current and expected development milestones of AI, focusing on the respective roles, skills, and relationship between humans and AI.

Session moderator: Kenneth Cukier, Senior Editor, The Economist, United Kingdom

Session 2. AI applications and case studies

This session illustrated how AI is being applied to make better decisions, reduce costs and improve productivity in domains such as health and transportation but also more unexpectedly in areas such as arts & culture and services.

Session moderator: Andrew WyckoffOECD Director for Science, Technology and Innovation

Session 3. Close-up on AI in space applications

This session detailed how AI, combined with new and improved satellite data and signals, is driving space industry innovation in sectors such as finance, agriculture, land use, and disaster management. [session summary]

Session moderator: Claire Jolly, Head of the OECD Space Forum

Session 4. Enhancing discovery: The role of AI in science

This session discussed how AI promise to improve research productivity at a time when ideas are becoming harder to find, pressure on public research budgets is increasing, and global challenges require scientific breakthroughs. [session summary]

Session moderator: Dominique Guellec, Head of OECD Science and Technology Policy Division


Session 5. AI policy landscape

This session provided an overview of AI-related initiatives by stakeholders from the private sector, research communities, civil society as well as governments, notably to ensure the compatibility of AI systems with societal norms. [session summary]

Session moderator: Anne Carblanc, Head of OECD Division on Digital Economy Policy

Non-governmental initiatives

Governmental initiatives

Friday 27 October 2017: Public policy considerations raised by AI

Session 6. Employment and skills

This session discussed the impact of AI on the labour market and the role of skills, social and labour market policies and institutions in helping countries to translate AI-driven productivity gains into higher well-being for all.

Session moderator: Mark Keese, Head of OECD Division on Skills and Employability

Session 7. Privacy and security

This session examined how machine learning approaches combined with ever-increasing amounts of personal data affect data protection principles and how to guide AI developments towards social goals while respecting privacy and equity.

Session moderator: Katarina de Brisis, ‎Deputy Director General, Ministry of Local Government and Modernisation, Norway; Chair of OECD Working Party on Security and Privacy in the Digital Economy

Session 8. Safety, responsibility and liability

This session discussed questions of safety, responsibility and liability raised by AI-driven automated decision-making. [session summary]

Session moderator: Wonki Min, Chairman, OECD Committee for Digital Economy Policy (CDEP), Korea

Session 9. Transparency, oversight and ethics

This session discussed issues of fairness, transparency and accountability of AI-powered decisions and potentially competing goals of productivity and commercial confidentiality.

Session moderator: Douglas Frantz,‎ Deputy Secretary-General, OECD

Session 10. Wrap-up and next steps

This session focused on key opportunities and challenges presented by AI and the respective roles of industry self-regulation, policy interventions, multi-stakeholder co-operation, and international co-operation.

Chair: Wonki MinChair of OECD Committee on Digital Economy Policy (CDEP), Korea

Brief reports by session moderators: Kenneth Cukier, Andrew Wyckoff, Claire Jolly, Dominique Guellec, Anne Carblanc, Mark Keese, Katarina de Brisis, Wonki Min, Douglas Frantz 

Stakeholder perspectives:

  • Marc Rotenberg, representative of OECD Civil Society Information Society Advisory Council (CSISAC) and President, Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) 
  • Anna Byhovskaya, Policy Advisor, Trade Union Advisory Committee to the OECD (TUAC) 
  • Nicole Primmer, Senior Policy Director, Business at OECD (BIAC) 
  • Clara Neppel, Senior Director, IEEE European Office, Internet Technical Advisory Committee (ITAC) representative [presentation]