Marine Protected Areas
Economics, Management and Effective Policy Mixes
Intense exploitation of our oceans and seas is degrading marine biodiversity and ecosystems
at an alarming rate. This report presents good practice insights for effectively managing
marine protected areas (MPAs), one of the policy instruments available for the conservation
and sustainable use of marine biodiversity and ecosystems. While global coverage of
MPAs has been increasing over the past two decades, further efforts are required to
meet the target under the Sustainable Development Goals and to ensure they are effective.
Drawing on the literature and numerous examples from developed and developing countries,
this book highlights how the environmental and cost effectiveness of MPAs can be enhanced.
It covers issues including the benefits and costs of MPAs, the need for more strategic
siting of MPAs, monitoring and compliance, sustainable finance for MPAs, and the need
to embed these in a wider policy mix so as to address the multiple pressures on marine
Published on June 05, 2017