Innovation, Productivity and Sustainability in Food and Agriculture

Main Findings from Country Reviews and Policy Lessons

Markets that function well within a stable regulatory and policy environment are key to improving the productivity and sustainability of the food and agriculture sector. This report contains the main findings and policy lessons gained from a series of wide-ranging country reviews on how government policies can improve sectoral productivity and sustainability through their impact on innovation, structural change, natural resource use, and climate change. Improving the policy environment would require rolling back those policies that distort markets the most and retain farmers in uncompetitive and low-income activities, harm the environment, stifle innovation, slow structural and generational change, and weaken resilience. Agriculture policy should focus instead on measures that facilitate the uptake of technologies and practices that use resources more efficiently and sustainably, and which contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Of equal importance are: a more collaborative approach, more effective governance systems, the development of long-term strategies, strengthened linkages between national and international actors, and comprehensive and coherent evaluation procedures. Public funding of food and agricultural research is also crucial, and private efforts need to be strengthened, including through public-private partnerships. Finally, improving overall policy coherence would contribute to building trust, and to increasing policy effectiveness at each step of the food and agriculture chain.

Published on October 03, 2019Also available in: French

In series:OECD Food and Agricultural Reviewsview more titles


Key findings
Main policy lessons from selected country reviews
Productivity and sustainability challenges for food and agriculture
Drivers of agricultural productivity and sustainability performance
Agricultural policy environment
Innovation policy and the agricultural innovation system
General policy environment for food and agriculture
Policy coherence in food and agriculture
Annexes3 chapters available
Some concepts and indicators used in the Framework
Overview of reviewed countries
Country notes
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