Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED Programme)

Social Economy


Social economy organisations traditionally refer to the set of associations, cooperatives, mutual organisations, and foundations whose activity is driven by values of solidarity, the primacy of people over capital, and democratic and participative governance. 

The OECD has significantly contributed to the conceptual knowledge and practical understanding of the social economy since its’ pioneering work on the plural economy in the 1990’s. The OECD continues to expand its knowledge base while raising awareness of the contribution of social economy organisations to an inclusive and sustainable growth at the local, regional and national levels in OECD member countries and beyond. 


Global Action to promote Social and Solidarity Economy Ecosystems 

In 2020, the OECD launched the Global Action “Promoting Social and Solidarity Economy Ecosystems”, funded by the European Union’s Foreign Partnership Instrument, that will cover more than 30 countries over a period of three years. This work targets all EU countries and non-EU countries such as Brazil, Mexico, India, the Republic of Korea, the United States of America and Canada.

The Global Action will lead to three main outputs:

  • International Guide on Legal Frameworks for SSE
  • International Guide on Social Impact Measurement for SSE
  • Peer-learning partnerships (PLPs) to create knowledge and experience sharing opportunities between different countries and stakeholders on different topics critical to SSE development
    • New! The OECD invites you to participate in the call for tenders for Peer Learning Partnerships. More information can be found here. The tender has been published here on the OECD ESourcing portal.


In-depth reviews on social economy

Other publications and working paper on the social economy include:

* These publications have been produced with the financial support of the European Union.

To see a full list of our publications, click here 



 For general information about Social Economy, please contact [email protected] 


Related Documents