OECD Employment Outlook 2018

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Published on July 04, 2018

Also available in: French

The 2018 edition of the OECD Employment Outlook reviews labour market trends and prospects in OECD countries. Chapter 1 presents recent labour market developments. Wage growth remains sluggish due to low inflation expectations, weak productivity growth and adverse trends in low-pay jobs. Chapter 2 looks at the decline of the labour share and shows that this is partially related to the emergence of "superstar" firms, which invest massively in capital-intensive technologies. Chapter 3 investigates the role of collective bargaining institutions for labour market performance. Systems that co-ordinate wages across sectors are associated with better employment outcomes, but firm-level adjustments of sector-level agreements are sometimes required to avoid adverse effects on productivity. Chapter 4 examines the role of policy to facilitate the transition towards new jobs of workers who were dismissed for economic reasons, underlying the need of early interventions in the unemployment spell. Chapter 5 analyses jobseekers' access to unemployment benefits and shows that most jobseekers do not receive unemployment benefits and coverage has often been falling since the Great Recession. Chapter 6 investigates the reason why the gender gap in labour income increases over the working life, stressing the role of the lower professional mobility of women around childbirth.

SUMMARIESavailable in 26 languages

English OECD Employment Outlook 2018 (Summary in English)
French Perspectives de l'emploi de l'OCDE 2018
Spanish Perspectivas del empleo de la OCDE 2018
German OECD-Beschäftigungsausblick 2018
Japanese OECD雇用アウトルック2018
Italian Prospettive dell’occupazione OCSE 2018
Chinese 2018年OECD就业展望
Czech Výhled zaměstnanosti OECD 2018
Danish OECD: Udsigterne for beskæftigelsen 2018
Dutch OESO Werkgelegenheidsvooruitzichten 2018
Estonian OECD tööhõiveväljavaated 2018
Finnish OECD:n Työllisyyskatsaus 2018
Greek Προοπτικές απασχόλησης του ΟΟΣΑ 2018
Hebrew דוח OECD בנושא תעסוקה לשנת 2018
Hungarian OECD foglalkoztatási kilátások 2018
Icelandic Horfur í atvinnumálum innan OECD 2018
Korean 2018년 OECD 고용 전망
Latvian OECD Nodarbinātības apskats 2018
Norwegian Utsikter for arbeidsmarkedet i OECD – 2018
Polish Przegląd OECD "Zatrudnienie w roku 2018"
Portuguese Perspetivas da OCDE sobre o Emprego para 2018
Russian Перспективы занятости ОЭСР 2018
Slovak Výhľad OECD v oblasti zamestnanosti na rok 2018
Slovene Pregled zaposlovanja OECD 2018
Swedish OECD:s sysselsättningsöversikt 2018
Turkish OECD 2018 İstihdam Görünümü


Editorial: Wageless growth: Is this time different?
Acronyms and abbreviations
Executive summary
Still out of pocket: Recent labour market performance and wage developments
Labour share developments over the past two decades: The role of technological progress, globalisation and “winner‑takes‑most” dynamics
The role of collective bargaining systems for good labour market performance
Back to work: Lessons from nine country case studies of policies to assist displaced workers
Unemployment‑benefit coverage: Recent trends and their drivers
Starting close, growing apart: Why the gender gap in labour income widens over the working life
Statistical annex
Supplementary material4 chapters available
Supplementary material for Chapter 1
Supplementary material for Chapter 3
Supplementary material for Chapter 5
Supplementary material for Chapter 6
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Overview and main findings


► Watch the webcast of the press conference


Collective bargaining
Collective bargaining systems are at a crossroads in many OECD countries. In this webinar, we will assess the role that collective bargaining systems play for employment, wages, working conditions, wage inequality and productivity (chapter 3 of the publication). We will also discuss what policy-makers, unions and employers’ organisations can do to adapt their national bargaining systems to the challenges of a changing world of work.

The decline in wage growth
10 years after the beginning of the crisis, there are finally more people with a job than before. Yet, wage growth remains considerably below pre-crisis trends. In this webinar, we will address factors behind the persistent wage growth slowdown (chapter 1 of the publication). While low inflation and productivity growth explain much of these patterns, the dynamics of low-pay jobs and the wages associated to them also play a significant, but understudied, role.



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key country findings





Statistical Annex
The tables of the statistical annex show data for selected indicators on labour market outcomes and policies for the OECD countries and selected non OECD countries.

 Our OECD Employment Database  offers a large range up-to-date statistics for international comparisons and trends over time.

further reading