Conflict & Fragility

Conflict and fragility adversely affect the lives of millions. In fragile contexts, rates of extreme poverty can increase as individuals are displaced, livelihoods are devastated, and opportunities for broader growth, development and prosperity are destroyed.


INCAF new logo

The International Network on Conflict and Fragility (INCAF) is a unique network of OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) members and key multilateral agencies working in fragile and conflict-affected contexts.

Climate change, biodiversity and environmental fragility

Addressing the causes of fragility is essential to effective action on climate change, biodiversity loss and environmental degradation in fragile contexts. Climate change, biodiversity loss and environmental degradation fuel fragility and in turn, fragility makes it hard to adapt to climate change, reduce and manage climate-related risks, and cope with the impacts of biodiversity loss and environmental degradation. Supporting the 2021 DAC Declaration on a new approach to align development cooperation with the goals of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, this International Network on Conflict and Fragility (INCAF) Common Position on climate change, biodiversity and environmental fragility establishes four good practice principles for better knowledge, analysis, financing and strategies to drive more effective approaches to climate change, biodiversity and environmental fragility in fragile and conflict-affected contexts.

States of fragility

States of Fragility 2022 arrives during an ‘age of crises’, where multiple, concurring crises are disproportionately affecting the 60 fragile contexts identified in this year’s report. Chief among these crises are COVID-19, Russia's invasion of Ukraine, and climate change, with the root causes of multidimensional fragility playing a central role in shaping their scale and severity. The report outlines the state of fragility in 2022, reviews current responses to it, and presents options to guide better policies for better lives in fragile contexts. At the halfway point of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, it is more critical than ever for development partners to focus on the furthest behind: the 1.9 billion people in fragile contexts that account for 24% of the world’s population but 73% of the world’s extreme poor.

Published on September 19, 2022

The OECD States of Fragility Platform is a one-stop-shop for all data, visualisations, and analysis pertaining to the States of Fragility series. It allows users to analyse all fragile contexts to address fragility along economic, environmental, political, security and societal dimensions, as well as understand the financing landscape in fragile contexts.

Securing the right finance for fragile contexts

Peace comes with a price tag. Yet, ensuring right financing for peace has often been an afterthought. To get things right there must be the right amount of financeusing the right financial tools, for the right length of time, in a way that delivers the right incentives for sustained peace securing the right resources to respond to the root causes – of the next conflict, not the last one – and to respond at scale.

INCAF’s Financing for Stability model is now being used to develop financing strategies in the field, including in Sudan and the Central African Republic.