Competition Assessment Toolkit


‌Increased competition can improve a country’s economic performance, open business opportunities to its citizens and reduce the cost of goods and services throughout the economy. But numerous laws and regulations restrict competition in the marketplace. Many go further than necessary to achieve their policy objectives.


The OECD's Competition Assessment Toolkit helps governments to eliminate barriers to competition by providing a method for identifying unnecessary restraints on market activities and developing alternative, less restrictive measures that still achieve government policy objectives.




‌‌Romania is using the Toolkit to conduct an assessment of regulatory constraints on competition in three sectors


Greece used the Toolkit to conduct an assessment of competition-distorting rules and provisions in four sectors


Mexico flag with shadowMexico is using the Toolkit to help identify regulations and policies that unnecessarily restrict competition

 Text of the Toolkit

The Competition Assessment Toolkit was first published in 2007 and then updated in 2010. The main difference between Versions 1.0 and 2.0 is that Version 2.0 provides additional examples of the benefits of competition and an introduction to the Competition Checklist.

Published in June 2015, the Operational Manual for Competition Assessment provides step-by-step guide for performing competition assessment. This volume supplements Volumes 1 and 2. The three volumes jointly constitute the Competition Assessment Toolkit. 


Volume 1 (pdf)

Volume 2 (pdf)

Arabic | العربية

Volume 1 (pdf)

Volume 2 (pdf)

Chinese | 中文 

Volume 1 (pdf) Volume 2 (pdf) 

Croatian | Hrvatski 

Volume 1 (pdf)

Volume 2 (pdf)

French | Français

Volume 1 (pdf)

Volume 2 (pdf)

Greek | Ελληνικά 

Volume 1  (pdf)

Volume 2 (pdf) 

Hebrew | עברית

Volume 1 (pdf)

Volume 2 (pdf) 

Hungarian | Magyar

Volume 1 (pdf)

Volume 2 (pdf) 
Indonesian | Bahasa Indonesia  Volume 1 (pdf) Volume 2 (pdf) 

Italian | Italiano 

Volume 1 (pdf)

Volume 2 (pdf) 

Japanese | 日本語 Volume 1 (pdf) Volume 2 (pdf)

Korean | 한국어 

Volume 1  (pdf)

Volume 2 (pdf) 

Portuguese | Português 

Volume 1  (pdf)

Volume 2 (pdf) 

Romanian | Român  Volume 1  (pdf) Volume 2 (pdf) 

Russian | Pусско 

Volume 1 (pdf)

Volume 2 (pdf) 
Spanish | Español  Volume 1 (pdf)  Volume 2 (pdf) 
Turkish | Türkçe Volume 1 (pdf) Volume 2 (pdf)


 Using the Toolkit

The Toolkit provides a general methodology for identifying unnecessary regulatory restraints and developing alternative, less restrictive policies that still achieve government objectives.

One of the main elements of the Toolkit is a Competition Checklist that asks a series of simple questions to screen for laws and regulations that have the potential to unnecessarily restrain competition. This screen focuses limited government resources on the areas where competition assessment is most needed.

The materials can be used by governments in three main ways:

  • By government bodies engaged in development and review of policies, such as the competition authority in its evaluation of competitive impacts of regulations or by ministries that develop laws.
  • In an overall evaluation of existing laws and regulation (in the economy as a whole or in specific sectors).
  • In the evaluation of draft new laws and regulations (for example, through regulatory impact assessment programs at the centre of government).

The Toolkit is designed for use in a decentralised fashion across government at both national and sub-national levels. The reason for designing the materials with this flexibility is that restrictions on competition can be implemented at many different levels of government and competition assessment can be helpful at all these levels.

The Toolkit materials designed for use by officials with no specialised economics or competition policy training. Institutionally, potential users could include ministries, legislatures, offices of government leaders, state governments and outside evaluators of policy. The materials were developed with the active participation of many OECD delegations.

Comments on the Toolkit are welcome in order to prepare for future revisions. They can be sent to:

Links and documents

Experiences with Competition Assessment 2014:Report on the Implementation of the 2009 OECD Recommendation

OECD Recommendation on Competition Assessment


Competition Assessment Toolkit (Brochure)

Documents related to Competition Assessment

 » Competition Home Page

Topics Key materials, Tools & Guidance Global Relations
Abuse of dominance & monopolisation International co-operation

Best practice roundtables

Calendar of activities

Competition assessment toolkit

Country reports & peer reviews

Fighting bid rigging in public procurement 


Reports by the Competition Committee

Reports by competition agencies

Work in progress

About global relations

Hungary centre

Korea centre

Global Forum on Competition

Latin American and Caribbean Competition Forum 

Cartels & anti-competitive agreements Liberalisation & intervention in regulated sectors
Enforcement practices Mergers
Evaluation of competition interventions     Pro-competitive policy reforms

Permanent url:



Related Documents