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Environment and development

Climate Change: OECD DAC External Development Finance Statistics

 

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OECD development finance statistics capture an integrated picture of both bilateral and multilateral climate-related external development finance flows.

Discover the data

Datasets:

Climate-related development finance at the activity level:

Statistical analysis

Trends in bilateral climate-related ODA

The substantial increase in ODA with climate objectives – USD 44 billion in 2020 – reflects the rise in activities marked for adaptation only (from 10% to 14% of total ODA) and, to a minor extent, that of activities pursuing both mitigation and adaptation (7% to 8%). Mitigation-only activities remain stable (11%). As a result, adaptation-related ODA surpassed mitigation-related ODA for the first time.

 

Which sectors does bilateral climate-related ODA target?

Support for mitigation dominates in sectors with more potential for greenhouse gas emission abatement, such as transport and energy. Support for adaptation focuses more on those closely linked to the ecosystem, such as agriculture, forestry and fishing, or water supply and sanitation. Some sectors, such as general environment protection, are mostly supported by activities that pursue both.

Data Visualisations

Partner country perspective

  • Climate-related development finance, by recipient and provider
  • Climate-related development finance by objective (principal and significant) and climate components
  • Top sectors and providers of climate-related development finance
  • Climate-related development finance by provider type and financial instrument

Bilateral provider perspective

  • Climate-related development finance by provider
  • Climate-related development finance by objective (principal and significant) and imputed multilateral contributions
  • Top sectors and recipients of climate-related development finance
  • Climate-related development finance by recipient region and income group

Methodology

The OECD DAC measures and monitors bilateral development finance targeting climate change objectives using two Rio markers:

Climate Change Mitigation - introduced in 1998. Reporting on ODA flows has been mandatory since 2006. Reporting on non-export credit OOF flows was introduced in 2010 on a voluntary basis.

Full definition, eligibility criteria and examples.

Climate Change Adaptation - introduced in 2010, with reporting mandatory for ODA flows. Reporting on non-export credit OOF flows was introduced in 2010 on a voluntary basis.

Full definition, eligibility criteria and examples. 
Examples of principal activities.

OECD DAC Rio Markers for Climate: Handbook -provides more information on the DAC’s statistical markers on climate change mitigation and adaptation

Multilateral climate-related development finance

This video explains the treatment of multilateral climate-related development finance flows in DAC statistics, looking at:

  • How the DAC statistical system works
  • How we can estimate multilateral climate-related contributions

Related work