Statistics and Data Directorate

Trade in Value Added


TiVA database access  |  TiVA 2018 country notes


The goods and services we buy are composed of inputs from various countries around the world. However, the flows of goods and services within these global production chains are not always reflected in conventional measures of international trade.

The development of Trade in Value-Added (TiVA) addresses this issue by considering the value added by each country in the production of goods and services that are consumed worldwide. TiVA indicators are designed to better inform policy makers by providing new insights into the commercial relations between nations.

The indicators are expressed in USD millions at current prices, in case of values, or in percent, in case of shares.

Data presented in the TiVA database provide insights into:

  • Domestic and foreign value added content of gross exports by exporting industry
  • Services content of gross exports by exporting industry, by type of service and value added origin
  • Participation in global value chains (GVCs) via intermediate imports embodied in exports (backward linkages) and domestic value added in partners’ exports and final demand (forward linkages)
  • 'Global orientation' of industrial activity, i.e. share of industry valued added that meets foreign final demand
  • Country and industry origins of value added in final demand, including the origin of value added in final consumption (by households and government) and in GFCF (investment by businesses)
  • Bilateral trade relationships based on flows of value added embodied in domestic final demand
  • Inter-regional and intra-regional relationships
  • Domestic value added content of imports

Next TiVA release: forthcoming


The next updated version of TiVA indicators will have an expanded industry list and cover the period 1995-2018.

TiVA indicators: 2018 edition

The 2018 edition of the TiVA database provides indicators for 64 economies including all OECD, EU28 and G20 countries, most East and South-east Asian economies and a selection of South American countries.

36 unique industrial sectors are represented within a hierarchy, including aggregates for total manufactures and total services. This edition covers the period 2005 to 2015, with preliminary projections to 2016 for some indicators.

The underlying Inter-Country Input-Output (ICIO) tables are based on statistics compiled according to the 2008 System of National Accounts (SNA 2008) from national, regional and international sources and uses an industry list based on the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC) Revision 4. Previous editions of TiVA indicators were based on SNA 1993 and an ISIC Rev.3 industry list. Use of the more recent international standards has inevitably resulted in revisions to the TiVA indicators. 


Access to the TiVA database (oecd.stat)


Further information


Country notes

OECD members


Other economies





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