Regional, rural and urban development


OECD Regions and Cities at a Glance 2020

Regions and Cities at a Glance 2020 provides a comprehensive assessment of how regions and cities across the OECD are progressing towards stronger, more sustainable and more resilient economies and societies. The publication provides a unique comparative picture in a number of aspects connected to economic development, health, well-being and net zero-carbon transition across regions and cities in OECD and selected non-OECD countries. In the light of the health crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, the report analyses outcomes and drivers of social, economic and environmental resilience. This edition provides several new features. First, an extended set of health-related indicators, including excess mortality, morbidity rates, and air quality. Second, novel indicators on the potential of regions and cities to remote working, as well as on trade openness and access to digital infrastructure enrich the economic chapter. Third, the report offers a number of new climate-and environment-related indicators, including on sustainable electricity production and related carbon emissions. The report shows population trends in over nine thousands cities and metropolitan areas across the entire world. Finally, the last chapter presents new indicators on spending and revenues capacity of regional governments in OECD countries.

Published on November 30, 2020

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Reader’s guide
Editorial: Enhancing resilient places today to thrive in the future
Executive summary
Social resilience for better health and sustained well-being6 chapters available
The health impact of COVID-19 in regions
Towards better health and resilient health systems in regions (SDG 3)
Breathing clean air in all the cities of the world (SDG 11)
Ensuring inclusive education in all regions (SDG 4)
Achieving gender equality in all places (SDG 5)
Safety, trust in institutions and political engagement in regions (SDG 16)
Economic resilience and regional economic disparities7 chapters available
Regions facing COVID-19 lockdowns: The potential for remote working
The regional digital divide
Long-term regional economic disparities
Productivity trends in regions
International trade integration in regions
The contribution of metropolitan areas to national economies
Entrepreneurship, firm and employment creation in regions
Environmental resilience and sustainable development5 chapters available
Protecting biodiversity and natural ecosystems in regions and cities (SDGs 14‑15)
The role of regions and cities towards a climate-neutral economy (SDG 13)
Transitioning to clean electricity production in every region (SDG 7)
Fostering responsible consumption and circular economies in regions (SDG 12)
Efficient land use and public transport systems for sustainable cities (SDG 11)
Regions and cities in the face of demographic change, ageing and urbanisation5 chapters available
Population growth in regions
Global trends in city population growth
The changing shape of cities: Density and suburbanisation
Regions and cities facing ageing
Population mobility across regions
Subnational government finance and investment7 chapters available
Subnational government spending
Spending responsibilities across levels of government
Subnational government investment
Subnational government revenue
Subnational government debt
Regional government finance and investment in OECD countries
Municipal governments’ finances and investments
Annexes4 chapters available
Defining regions and functional urban areas
Sources and data description
Indexes and estimation techniques
Subnational government finance
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