OECD Review of Agricultural Policies: Israel 2010
Israel’s agriculture is unique amongst developed countries in that land and water
resources are nearly all state-owned and that agricultural production is dominated
by co-operative communities. Israel is a world leader in agricultural technology,
particularly in farming in arid conditions. This Review measures support provided
to Israeli agriculture and evaluates the effectiveness of current agricultural policy
measures. Israel has made progress in removing policies that distort trade, and resource
allocation and support to agriculture is lower than the OECD average. However, the
government still plays an important role. The report suggests further agricultural
policy reforms to reduce costs for consumers and taxpayers and to improve the efficiency
of current policy measures.
A special focus of the report is the environmental performance of Israeli agriculture.
This is already an issue with scarce land and water resources, accentuated by the
overarching issue of climate change. The Review examines agriculture’s performance
with respect to water resources and pollution, soils, biodiversity, air emissions
and climate change. It concludes that strengthening policy coherence, especially in
improving the management of water resources in agriculture, is important.
Published on June 29, 2010Also available in: Hebrew
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