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Publications & Documents


  • 7-December-2022

    English

    Quantifying industrial strategies (QuIS) - Measuring industrial policy expenditures

    Industrial policy is sparking renewed interest across OECD member countries and partner economies. However, amidst an increasing number of objectives for industrial policy, and despite the availability of information on countries’ strategies and plans, it remains difficult to properly measure and compare resources spent on industrial policies and identify countries’ strategic priorities. The lack of a cross-country comparable source of information on resources dedicated to industrial policy partly results from the absence of a common methodology to account for industrial policy expenditures. This paper provides a new methodology for reporting industrial policy expenditure in a comparable way across countries. It is the first deliverable of the 'Quantifying Industrial Strategies' project, which aims at measuring industrial policy expenditures across OECD countries and will gather harmonised data on industrial policy expenditures, their composition, and their mode of delivery.
  • 6-December-2022

    English

    Financing SMEs for sustainability - Drivers, Constraints and Policies

    Addressing the climate crisis requires the net zero transition of millions of SMEs globally. SMEs have a significant aggregate environmental footprint and need to adopt cleaner business models. As eco-entrepreneurs and eco-innovators, they also have a key role to play in devising innovative climate solutions. Access to finance is essential for SME investments in net zero, but small businesses face considerable challenges in tapping into the growing pool of sustainable finance. This challenge is likely to grow as financial institutions seek to comply with mandatory environmental reporting requirements. This policy paper examines the sustainable finance landscape for SMEs, the various actors in the ecosystem and the key drivers and barriers affecting the supply of and demand for sustainable finance. It provides an overview of the key policies and instruments in place to support SME access to sustainable finance and identifies considerations for future public support and policy making.
  • 6-December-2022

    English

    The Freight Space Race - Curbing the Impact of Freight Deliveries in Cities

    This report explores ways of making deliveries in cities less disruptive and more sustainable. How goods are distributed in urban environments profoundly affects metropolitan life. Urban freight flows impact cities’ economic vitality, their environmental footprint, the safety and efficiency of traffic and the ways public space is used. The report examines how new partnerships, innovative methods, the use of data and intelligent space allocation can ease the pressure on cities and their inhabitants by rapidly growing freight movements in urban areas. It also addresses whether solutions require new forms of data management, what new types of delivery vehicles might be required and how actors can co-ordinate more effectively.
  • 30-November-2022

    English

    OECD Tourism Trends and Policies 2022

    Tourism has been hit hard by the depth and duration of the crisis triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic. Just as the sector was starting to rebound, the economic fallout from Russia’s aggression against Ukraine has dealt a fresh blow to recovery prospects. The 2022 edition of OECD Tourism Trends and Policies analyses tourism performance and policy trends to support recovery across 50 OECD countries and partner economies. It examines the key tourism recovery challenges and outlook ahead, and highlights the need for co-ordinated, forward-looking policy approaches to set tourism on a path to a more resilient, sustainable and inclusive future. Evidence on the significance of the tourism economy is presented, with data covering domestic, inbound and outbound tourism, enterprises and employment, and internal tourism consumption. Tourism policy priorities, reforms and developments are analysed and examples of country practices highlighted. Thematic chapters provide insights on building resilience in the tourism ecosystem and promoting a green tourism recovery.
  • 14-November-2022

    English, PDF, 2,565kb

    OECD-UNCTAD Consolidated Report of G20 investment measures taken between 2009 and 2022

    14 November 2022 - This document compiles of all measures that are included in the reports on G20 investment measures that OECD and UNCTAD have made publicly available under a mandate by G20 Leaders. It covers investment policy and investment-related measures taken between 2 April 2009 and 15 October 2022.

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  • 14-November-2022

    English, PDF, 2,163kb

    28th OECD-WTO-UNCTAD report on G20 trade and investment measures

    14 November 2022 - After a period in which G20 members adjusted their investment policies to exceptional economic circumstances triggered by the COVID crisis and the war in Ukraine, the frequency of investment policy reform in G20 members slowed again significantly, focussing essentially on adjustments of policies that seek to address implications that foreign investment can occasionally have for essential security interests.

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  • 14-November-2022

    English, PDF, 3,517kb

    Assessing steel decarbonisation progress: Ready for the decade of delivery?

    Accounting for nearly 8% of global emissions, the steel sector plays a key role in achieving climate goals. Yet despite progress, there is still a long way to go to reach near-zero emissions. Echoing the COP 27 Presidency’s call for implementation, this brief aims to provide evidence-based trends on key indicators of steel decarbonisation progress.

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  • 9-November-2022

    English

    Unlocking the potential of youth-led social enterprises

    Young people increasingly prioritise pursuing careers with positive social and environmental impacts. Social enterprises can help them fulfil this ambition. Youth-led social enterprises can address pressing social and environmental issues while providing young people with opportunities in the labour market. Despite these benefits, these entities often struggle due to the age of their founders and the specificities of their businesses. This paper analyses the drivers and potential benefits of youth-led social enterprises (section 1), assesses the challenges they face (section 2) and provides policy guidance to address them through tailored support programmes based on best practice examples and experiences from OECD countries and beyond (section 3).
  • 7-November-2022

    English

    Latin American Economic Outlook 2022 - Towards a Green and Just Transition

    What challenges and opportunities does the green transition entail for Latin America and the Caribbean? This 15th edition of the Latin American Economic Outlook explores options for the region to recast its production models, transform its energy matrix and create better jobs in the process. It argues that, for this transition to be just, stronger social-protection systems and open dialogue must help build new, sustainable social contracts. In support of this ambitious agenda, the report presents an array of financing options, including green finance, and advocates for renewed international partnerships.
  • 5-November-2022

    English

    Trade in Value Added

    Trade in value-added (TiVA) considers the value added by each country in the production of goods and services that are consumed worldwide. TiVA indicators are designed to better inform policy makers by providing new insights into the commercial relations between nations.

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