The goods and services we buy are composed of inputs from various countries around the world. However, the flows of goods and services within these global production chains are not always reflected in conventional measures of international trade.
The development of Trade in Value-Added (TiVA) addresses this issue by considering the value added by each country in the production of goods and services that are consumed worldwide. TiVA indicators are designed to better inform policy makers by providing new insights into the commercial relations between nations.
The indicators are expressed in USD millions at current prices, in case of values, or in percent, in case of shares.
Data presented in the TiVA database provide insights into:
The 2021 edition of the TiVA database provides indicators for 66 economies including all OECD, EU and G20 countries, and a selection of East and Southeast Asian economies and South American countries.
The industry list covers 45 unique industrial sectors represented within a hierarchy, including aggregates for total manufactures and total services. The indicators are presented for the time-period 1995-2018.
The underlying Inter-Country Input-Output (ICIO) tables are based on statistics compiled according to the 2008 System of National Accounts (SNA 2008) from national, regional and international sources and uses an industry list based on the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC) Revision 4. Previous editions of TiVA indicators were based on SNA 1993 and an ISIC Rev.3 industry list. Use of the more recent international standards has inevitably resulted in revisions to the TiVA indicators.
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On 17 November 2021, the OECD hosted an online event to introduce the 2021 edition of the Trade in Value Added (TiVA) database and the underlying Inter-Country Input-Output (ICIO) tables and their uses.