The goods and services we buy are composed of inputs from various countries around the world. However, the flows of goods and services within these global production chains are not always reflected in conventional measures of international trade.
The development of Trade in Value-Added (TiVA) addresses this issue by considering the value added by each country in the production of goods and services that are consumed worldwide. TiVA indicators are designed to better inform policy makers by providing new insights into the commercial relations between nations.
The indicators are expressed in USD millions at current prices, in case of values, or in percent, in case of shares.
Data presented in the TiVA database provide insights into:
The 2021 edition of the TiVA database provides indicators for 66 economies and covering the period 1995-2018. The industry list which covers 45 unique industrial activities organised in a hierarchy (including aggregates for total manufactures and total services).
TiVA indicators are estimated from the OECD Inter-Country Input-Output (ICIO) tables which are based on statistics compiled according to the 2008 System of National Accounts (SNA 2008) from national, regional and international sources and use an industry list compatible with the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC) Revision 4.
Note: Related files, in zipped CSV and R formats, are attached to the datasets. In case of issue when downloading, right-click and select "save as".
On 17 November 2021, the OECD hosted an online event to introduce the 2021 edition of the Trade in Value Added (TiVA) database and the underlying Inter-Country Input-Output (ICIO) tables and their uses.
|Belgium||Iceland||Poland||China (People's Republic of)|
|Chile||Israel||Slovak Republic||Hong Kong, China|
|Czech Republic||Korea||Sweden||Saudi Arabia|