Industry and entrepreneurship

ANBERD (Analytical Business Enterprise Research and Development) database


Direct link to the ANBERD dataset

The OECD’s ANalytical Business Enterprise Research and Development (ANBERD) database presents annual data on Research and Development (R&D) expenditures by industry and was developed to provide analysts with comprehensive data on business R&D expenditures. The ANBERD database incorporates a number of estimations that build upon and extend national submissions of business enterprise R&D data by industry (main activity/industry orientation).

The current version of the ANBERD database presents OECD countries’ and selected non-member economies’ business expenditure on R&D since 1987, broken down across 100 manufacturing and service industry groups.

The reported data follow the International Standard Industrial Classification, Revision 4 (ISIC Rev. 4) and are expressed in national currencies as well as in US dollars at purchasing power parity (PPP), both at current and constant prices.

In addition to the ANBERD dataset, official business enterprise expenditure on R&D (BERD) data submitted to the OECD via the OECD/Eurostat R&D data collection (which is the main underlying source for ANBERD) can be accessed through the OECD Research and Development Statistics (RDS) database.

For further information on ANBERD please contact [email protected].

Detailed ANBERD data enable analysis and comparison of countries’ business R&D expenditure across industries. They allow for cross-sectional and time series analyses.  As an illustration, the chart below (based on ANBERD R&D data and Value Added data) shows R&D intensities in services industries, manufacturing industries, and others. 



Classification of industries according to R&D intensity

Using ANBERD data, the OECD has produced a new taxonomy of industries according to their average level of R&D intensity. This work represents an update and reframing of previous OECD taxonomies that were based on earlier versions of the ISIC classification. Industries are clustered into 5 groups (high, medium-high, medium, medium-low, and low R&D intensity industries). One special feature of this new taxonomy is the inclusion of non-manufacturing industries, especially services, whose coverage has improved in the R&D tables collected in ISIC Rev.4.

The report is accessible at:

This analysis shows that there is considerable potential for many countries to raise their R&D intensity within industries to the current OECD average.

Explore the data used in this analysis.


Related links:

ANBERD belongs to the STAN family databases: STAN Database for Structural AnalysisSTAN Bilateral Trade by Industry and End-use category (BTDIxE),and STAN Input-Output. The STAN databases are united by compatible industry lists based on the ISIC classification.


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