Primary Health Care for Resilient Health Systems in Latin America

Latin American countries were hard hit by COVID-19 with rates of excess mortality above the OECD average. The pandemic brought additional stress to health systems already overstretched by a growing burden of chronic diseases, unequal access to health care services, overall under-investment in health and strong budgetary restrictions, and systemic inefficiencies. Doubling down on primary health care will be a cost-effective strategy to increase preparedness for future pandemics and address the structural challenges in the region. The report examines the experience of seven countries in Latin America – Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico and Peru – considering primary health care policies and actions taken to absorb the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and recover from it. The findings and recommendations of this report provide guidance to public authorities in the region in their efforts to better prepare and increase the resilience of health systems through stronger primary health care.

Published on December 13, 2022

In series:OECD Health Policy Studiesview more titles


Acronyms and abbreviations
Executive summary
Key findings and recommendations
Conceptual framework for analysing the performance of primary health care
Primary health care for resilient health systems in Latin America
Health promotion and vaccination
Screening and early detection of diseases
Routine care for underlying health conditions
Building resilient primary health care systems requires investments in health workforce
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